Haloviruses HF1 and HF2: evidence for a recent and large recombination event.
AuthorTang, S-L; Nuttall, S; Dyall-Smith, M
Source TitleJournal of Bacteriology
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
AffiliationMicrobiology And Immunology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsTang, S. -L., Nuttall, S. & Dyall-Smith, M. (2004). Haloviruses HF1 and HF2: evidence for a recent and large recombination event.. J Bacteriol, 186 (9), pp.2810-2817. https://doi.org/10.1128/JB.186.9.2810-2817.2004.
Access StatusAccess this item via the Open Access location
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC387818
C1 - Journal Articles Refereed
Haloviruses HF1 and HF2 were isolated from the same saltern pond and are adapted to hypersaline conditions, where they infect a broad range of haloarchaeal species. The HF2 genome has previously been reported. The complete sequence of the HF1 genome has now been determined, mainly by PCR and primer walking. It was 75,898 bp in length and was 94.4% identical to the HF2 genome but about 1.8 kb shorter. A total of 117 open reading frames and five tRNA-like genes were predicted, and their database matches and characteristics were similar to those found in HF2. A comparison of the predicted restriction digest patterns based on nucleotide sequence with the observed restriction digest patterns of viral DNA showed that, unlike the case for HF2, some packaged HF1 DNA had cohesive termini. Except for a single base change, HF1 and HF2 were identical in sequence over the first 48 kb, a region that includes the early and middle genes. The remaining 28 kb of HF1 showed many differences from HF2, and the similarity of the two genomes over this late gene region was 87%. The abrupt shift in sequence similarity around 48 kb suggests a recent recombination event between either HF1 or HF2 and another HF-like halovirus that has swapped most of the right-end 28 kb. This example indicates there is a high level of recombination among viruses that live in this extreme environment.
KeywordsArchaebacteriology ; Biological Sciences
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