Clonorchiasis: a key foodborne zoonosis in China
AuthorLun, ZR; Gasser, RB; Lai, DH; Li, AX; Zhu, XQ; Yu, XB; Fang, YY
Source TitleLancet Infectious Diseases
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
University of Melbourne Author/sGasser, Robin
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsLun, Z. R., Gasser, R. B., Lai, D. H., Li, A. X., Zhu, X. Q., Yu, X. B. & Fang, Y. Y. (2005). Clonorchiasis: a key foodborne zoonosis in China. LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 5 (1), pp.31-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(04)01252-6.
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C1 - Journal Articles Refereed
The oriental liverfluke, Clonorchis sinensis, is of major socioeconomic importance in parts of Asia, including China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam. The parasite is transmitted via snails to freshwater fish, and then to human beings and other piscivorous mammals, and causes substantial clinical or subclinical disease, known as clonorchiasis. There is considerable evidence for an aetiological relation between clonorchiasis and cholangiocarcinoma in human beings. It is estimated that about 35 million people are infected globally, of whom approximately 15 million are in China. Although very little information from China has been published in the English language, recent analyses of epidemiological data sets suggest that clonorchiasis is having an increased human-health impact due to the greater consumption of raw freshwater fish. To gain an improved insight into clonorchiasis in China, this review provides a background on the parasite and its life cycle, summarises key aspects regarding the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of clonorchiasis, describes the geographic distribution and prevalence of clonorchiasis, and makes some recommendations for future research and the control of this important disease.
KeywordsMedical Parasitology ; Infectious Diseases
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