Hemoglobin hydrolysis and heme acquisition by Porphyromonas gingivalis
AuthorDashper, SG; Cross, KJ; Slakeski, N; Lissel, P; Aulakh, P; Moore, C; Reynolds, EC
Source TitleMolecular Oral Microbiology
University of Melbourne Author/sDashper, Stuart; Cross, Keith; Slakeski, Nada; Moore, Caroline; Reynolds, Eric; LISSEL, JASMIN; AULAKH, PAUL
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsDashper, S. G., Cross, K. J., Slakeski, N., Lissel, P., Aulakh, P., Moore, C. & Reynolds, E. C. (2004). Hemoglobin hydrolysis and heme acquisition by Porphyromonas gingivalis. ORAL MICROBIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY, 19 (1), pp.50-56. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0902-0055.2003.00113.x.
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C1 - Journal Articles Refereed
Porphyromonas gingivalis has been implicated in the progression of chronic periodontitis, an inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth. This bacterium is a gram-negative, black-pigmented, asaccharolytic anaerobe that relies on the fermentation of amino acids for the production of metabolic energy. The Arg- and Lys-specific extracellular cysteine proteinases of P. gingivalis, RgpA, RgpB and Kgp have been implicated as major virulence factors. In this study we investigated the hydrolysis of human hemoglobin by whole cells of P. gingivalis W50 and the mutants W501 (RgpA-), W50AB (RgpA-RgpB-) and W50ABK (RgpA-RgpB-Kgp-) under strictly anaerobic conditions in a physiological buffer (pH 7.5) using mass spectrometric analysis. Incubation of P. gingivalis W50 with hemoglobin over a period of 30 min resulted in the detection of 20 hemoglobin peptides, all with C-terminal Arg or Lys residues. The majority of the hemoglobin alpha- and beta-chain sequences were recovered as peptides except for two similar regions of the C-terminal half of each chain, alpha(92-127) and beta(83-120). The residues of the unrecovered sequences form part of the interface between the alpha- and beta-chains and an exposed surface area of the hemoglobin tetramer that may be involved in binding to P. gingivalis. P. gingivalis W501 (RgpA-) produced similar peptides to those seen in the wild-type. All identified peptides from the hydrolysis of hemoglobin by the P. gingivalis W50AB (RgpA-RgpB-) mutant were the result of cleavage at Lys. The triple mutant W50ABK was unable to hydrolyze hemoglobin under the assay conditions used, suggesting that on whole cells the major cell surface activity responsible for hydrolysis of hemoglobin is from the RgpA/B and Kgp proteinases. However, the triple proteinase mutant W50ABK grew as well as the wild-type in a medium containing hemoglobin as the only iron source, indicating that the RgpA/B and Kgp proteinases are not essential for iron assimilation from hemoglobin by P. gingivalis.
KeywordsAnalytical Biochemistry; Bacteriology ; Dentistry not elsewhere classified ; Prevention - Biologicals (e.g. Vaccines); Oro-Dental Disorders; Dental Health
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