Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorWheat, HE
dc.contributor.authorSalo, LM
dc.contributor.authorGoodwin, AW
dc.date.available2014-05-21T19:35:20Z
dc.date.issued2004-03-31
dc.identifierpii: 24/13/3394
dc.identifier.citationWheat, H. E., Salo, L. M. & Goodwin, A. W. (2004). Human ability to scale and discriminate forces typical of those occurring during grasp and manipulation. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 24 (13), pp.3394-3401. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4822-03.2004.
dc.identifier.issn0270-6474
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/26500
dc.descriptionC1 - Journal Articles Refereed
dc.description.abstractWhen humans manipulate objects, the sensorimotor system coordinates three-dimensional forces to optimize and maintain grasp stability. To do this, the CNS requires precise information about the magnitude and direction of load force (tangential to skin surface) plus feedback about grip force (normal to skin). Previous studies have shown that there is rapid, precise coordination between grip and load forces that deteriorates with digital nerve block. Obviously, mechanoreceptive afferents innervating fingerpad skin contribute essential information. We quantify human capacity to scale tangential and normal forces using only cutaneous information. Our paradigm simulated natural manipulations (a force tangential to the skin superimposed on an indenting force normal to the skin). Precisely controlled forces were applied by a custom-built stimulator to an immobilized fingerpad. Using magnitude estimation, subjects (n = 8) scaled the magnitude of tangential force (0.25-2.8 N) in two experiments (normal force, 2.5 and 4 N, respectively). Performance was unaffected by normal force magnitude and tangential force direction. Moreover, when both normal (2-4 N) and tangential forces were varied in a randomized-block factorial design, the relationship between applied and perceived tangential force remained near linear, with a minor but statistically significant nonlinearity. Our subjects could also discriminate small differences in tangential force, and this was the case for two different reference stimuli. In both cases, the Weber fraction was 0.16. Finally, scaling functions for magnitude estimates of normal force (1-5 N) were also approximately linear. These data show that the cutaneous afferents provide a wealth of precise information about both normal and tangential force.
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherSOC NEUROSCIENCE
dc.subjectSensory Systems; Nervous System and Disorders
dc.titleHuman ability to scale and discriminate forces typical of those occurring during grasp and manipulation
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4822-03.2004
melbourne.peerreviewPeer Reviewed
melbourne.affiliationThe University of Melbourne
melbourne.affiliation.departmentAnatomy And Cell Biology
melbourne.source.titleJOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE
melbourne.source.volume24
melbourne.source.issue13
melbourne.source.pages3394-3401
melbourne.publicationid28064
melbourne.elementsid262951
melbourne.openaccess.pmchttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6730021
melbourne.contributor.authorWHEAT, HEATHER
melbourne.contributor.authorGOODWIN, ANTONY
melbourne.contributor.authorSalo, Lauren
dc.identifier.eissn1529-2401
melbourne.accessrightsAccess this item via the Open Access location


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record