Microsatellite markers reveal genetic differentiation among populations of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum from Australian canola fields
AuthorSexton, AC; Howlett, BJ
Source TitleCURRENT GENETICS
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSexton, A. C. & Howlett, B. J. (2004). Microsatellite markers reveal genetic differentiation among populations of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum from Australian canola fields. CURRENT GENETICS, 46 (6), pp.357-365. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-004-0543-3.
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C1 - Journal Articles Refereed
Eight microsatellite markers were applied to 154 Sclerotinia sclerotiorum isolates from four Australian canola fields, to determine the extent of genetic variation and differentiation in populations of this pathogen. A total of 82 different haplotypes were identified and in each population many haplotypes were unique. Mycelial compatibility grouping, a phenotypic marker system controlled by multiple loci, was often associated with groups of identical or closely related microsatellite haplotypes. Genotypic diversity ranged from 36% to 80% of maximum in the four populations, and gene diversity ranged from 0.23 to 0.79. Genotypic disequilibrium analyses on each of the four populations suggested that both clonal and sexual reproduction contributed to population structure. Analyses based on genetic diversity and fixation indices demonstrated a moderate to high level of differentiation (R(ST)=0.16-0.33, F(ST)=0.18-0.23) between populations from New South Wales and those from Victoria. Despite this genetic diversity, most isolates did not vary in virulence on canola leaves.
KeywordsPlant Pathology; Oilseeds
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