Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-10 of 431
Hippocampal shape variations at term equivalent age in very preterm infants compared with term controls: Perinatal predictors and functional significance at age 7
The hippocampus undergoes rapid growth and development in the perinatal months. Infants born very pre-term (VPT) are vulnerable to hippocampal alterations, and can provide a model of disturbed early hippocampal development. ...
Effects of reward and punishment on brain activations associated with inhibitory control in cigarette smokers
Background and aimsSusceptibility to use of addictive substances may result, in part, from a greater preference for an immediate small reward relative to a larger delayed reward or relative insensitivity to punishment. ...
Positive parenting predicts the development of adolescent brain structure: A longitudinal study
Little work has been conducted that examines the effects of positive environmental experiences on brain development to date. The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the effects of positive (warm and supportive) ...
Development of temperamental effortful control mediates the relationship between maturation of the prefrontal cortex and psychopathology during adolescence: A 4-year longitudinal study
This study investigated the relationship between the development of effortful control (EC), a temperamental measure of self-regulation, and concurrent development of three regions of the prefrontal cortex (anterior cingulate ...
Neurocognitive predictors of transition to psychosis: medium- to long-term findings from a sample at ultra-high risk for psychosis
(CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, 2013-11-27)
Background. Individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis show reduced neurocognitive performance across domains but it is unclear which reductions are associated with transition to frank psychosis. The aim of this ...
Using ambiguous plaid stimuli to investigate the influence of immediate prior experience on perception
In a series of three experiments, we used an ambiguous plaid motion stimulus to explore the behavioral and electrophysiological effects of prior stimulus exposures and perceptual states on current awareness. The results ...
Free Thyroxine Levels After Very Preterm Birth and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes at Age 7 Years
(AMER ACAD PEDIATRICS, 2014-04-27)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Preterm infants commonly have transient hypothyroxinemia of prematurity after birth, which has been associated with deficits in general intellectual functioning, memory, attention, and academic ...
Inspiratory-resistive loading increases the ventilatory response to arousal but does not reduce genioglossus muscle activity on the return to sleep
(AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC, 2012-09-27)
Cori JM, Nicholas CL, Baptista S, Huynh I, Rochford PD, O' Donoghue FJ, Trinder JA, Jordan AS. Inspiratory-resistive loading increases the ventilatory response to arousal but does not reduce genioglossus muscle activity ...
General Movements in Very Preterm Children and Neurodevelopment at 2 and 4 Years
(AMER ACAD PEDIATRICS, 2013-08-27)
OBJECTIVE: Although similar to 50% of very preterm (VP) children have neurodevelopmental impairments, early prediction of infants who will experience problems later in life remains a challenge. This study evaluated the ...
Neurobehaviour between birth and 40 weeks' gestation in infants born < 30 weeks' gestation and parental psychological wellbeing: predictors of brain development and child outcomes
(BIOMED CENTRAL LTD, 2014)
Background: Infants born < 30 weeks' gestation are at increased risk of long term neurodevelopmental problems compared with term born peers. The predictive value of neurobehavioural examinations at term equivalent age in ...