Distribution of electrically stimulated nerve fibres in the cat cochlea
AuthorBlack, R. C.; Clark, Graeme M.; Walters, C. W.
Source TitleProceedings of the Australian Physiological and Pharmacological Society
University of Melbourne Author/sClark, Graeme
Document TypeConference Item
CitationsBlack, R. C., Clark, G. M., & Walters, C. W. (1982). Distribution of electrically stimulated nerve fibres in the cat cochlea. In Proceedings of the Australian Physiological and Pharmacological Society.
Access StatusOpen Access
An implant electrode array for a cochlear hearing prosthesis has been developed with mechanical properties which allow atraumatic implantation into the human scala tympani. It consists of small platinum electrode bands welded around a flexible silicon rubber tube (Clark et al, 1979). The present study examines the properites of this electrode in electrically simulating the auidtory nerve. The electrode was inserted through the round window for a distance of 5-6mm into the scala tympani of the cat. Brainstem evoked responses and those from the round window were recorded when stimulating with square biphasic current pulses (0.1 msec/phase). Since there was usually less than 10-20 dB hearing loss in the implanted ear, it was possible to selectively mask components of these responses with high-pass filtered noise. The noise masked the response component arising from fibres in the cochlear region corresponding to the noise band. Responses were recorded in the presence of noise with different cut-off frequencies F1, F2 therefore yielded a response band-limited to the region f1-2. In this way it was possible to measure the amount of electrically stimulated activity in a number of different frequency bands. This technique is identical to that of derived response audiometry using acoustic stimulation. The input-output characteristics of the cochlea to a variety of acoustic transients were measured to exclude the possibility of either electrophonic hearing or altered basilar membrane characteristics contaminating the results. The figure shows the distributions of excited fibres using an electrode with an extended ground system running longitudinally in the cochlea. They were measure as the amplitude of the band-limited responses. Results were similar for bipolar electrodes and these electrodes are thus equally suitable for our present cochlear implant prosthesis.
Keywordsotolaryngology; electrode array; cochlear implant; electrical stimulation
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format" and choose "open with... Endnote".
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format". Login to Refworks, go to References => Import References
- Graeme Clark Collection