Cochlear implant research directions
AuthorClark, Graeme M.
Source TitleCochlear Implants: XVI World Congress of Otohinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
University of Melbourne Author/sClark, Graeme
Document TypeConference Paper
CitationsClark, G. M. (1997). Cochlear implant research directions. In Cochlear Implants: XVI World Congress of Otohinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Sydney, N.S.W.
Access StatusOpen Access
This is a publisher’s version of a paper from XVI World Congress of Otohinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 1997, published by Monduzzi Editore. This version is reproduced with the permission of the publisher.
Frequency Coding: Initial cochlear implant research (Clark, 1969) showed that with electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve there is an electroneural "bottle-neck" limiting the flow of information from sound to the central auditory nervous system. This electroneural "bottle-neck" is due to the difficulty in simulating with electrical stimulation the temporal as well as the place coding of frequency. One of the main aims of our research is to improve cochlear implant performance by widening the "bottle-neck" with better simulation of the temporal and place coding of frequency. Temporal coding is considered to be due to a direct relationship between the intervals between action potentials and the period of the sound wave. Temporal coding is thought to apply to low frequencies, but its importance for high frequencies is still not clear. Place coding is due to excitation of specific sites within the cochlea and the central auditory pathways 'so that a frequency scale is preserved anatomically (i.e. the brain is organized tonotopically).
Keywordsotolaryngology; cochlear implant; electrical stimulation; coding
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