Direct current measurements in cochlear implants: an in vivo and in vitro study
AuthorHuang, Christie Q.; Carter, Paul M.; Shepherd, Robert K.; Seligman, Peter M.; Tabor, Bruce; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleProceedings of 2nd International Conference on Bioelectromagnetism
Document TypeConference Paper
CitationsHuang, C. Q., Carter, P. M., Shepherd, R. K., Seligman, P. M., Tabor, B., & Clark, G. M. (1998). Direct current measurements in cochlear implants: an in vivo and in vitro study. In Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Bioelectromagnetism, Melbourne.
Access StatusOpen Access
Direct current (DC) was measured both in vivo and in vitro in cochlear implant electrodes with stimulation at moderate to high pulse rates in monopolar and bipolar modes. In vivo DC was approximately 2-3 times higher than that measured in vitro. In vivo DC levels were <100 nA even at very high rates, although DC levels increased as a function of stimulus rate and charge intensity. DC levels were lower: in the monopolar than in the bipolar stimulation condition. Stimulation with a monopolar capacitively coupled extracochlear electrode showed even lower DC levels in the intracochlear .electrodes. Our results indicated that the Nucleus electrode shorting system is able to maintain a low level of DC during very high rate stimulation for both monopolar and bipolar modes.
Keywordsotolaryngology; cochlear implants; direct current; DC
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- Graeme Clark Collection