Factors influencing gap detection in children using cochlear implants [Abstract]
AuthorBusby, P. A.; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleAbstracts Paediatric Cochlear Implantation. 4th European Symposium on Paediatric Cochlear Implantation
Document TypeConference Item
CitationsBusby, P. A., & Clark, G. M. (1998). Factors influencing gap detection in children using cochlear implants [Abstract]. In Abstracts Paediatric Cochlear Implantation. 4th European Symposium on Paediatric Cochlear Implantation, s-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands.
Access StatusOpen Access
Two studies on gap detection were conducted with children implanted with the Cochlear Limited multiple-electrode prosthesis. In the first study, gap thresholds were measured at three pulse rates (200, 500, and 1000 pulses/s) and two stimulus durations (500 and 1000 ms) in 15 subjects. Average gap thresholds ranged from 1.8 to 32.1 ms. There was, essentially, no effect of pulse rate and in all but two subjects, no effect of stimulus duration. For these two subjects, thresholds were higher for the 1000 ms stimulus duration. In the second study, the relationships between gap thresholds and subject characteristics, and between gap thresholds and speech perception scores were examined using data from 27 subjects. A significant negative correlation between age at onset of deafness and gap thresholds was found, indicating that subjects with an earlier onset of deafness had larger gap thresholds, and most of the variability in gap thresholds was found for the congenitally deaf subjects. Gap thresholds did not correlate with other subject variables, such as duration of deafness and duration of implant use. Significant negative correlations were found between gap thresholds and word scores for open-set BKB sentences in the auditory-visual condition and the lipreading enhancement scores for the same test, indicating that subjects with poorer gap thresholds had lower speech scores. Gap thresholds did not correlate with word scores for BKB sentences in the audition alone condition, and scores for closed-set monosyllabic word tests.
Keywordsotolaryngology; cochlear implant; speech perception
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- Graeme Clark Collection