Benefits of pre-curved electrode arrays for the Nucleus multichannel cochlear implant [Abstract]
AuthorPyman, B.; Clark, Graeme M.; Saunders, Elaine; Cohen, Lawrence T.; Cowan, Robert S. C.; Treaba, C.; Dahm, M.; Tykocinski, M.
Source TitleAbstracts of XXIV International Congress of Audiology
Document TypeConference Item
CitationsSaunders, E., Cohen, L. T., Cowan, R. S. C., Treaba, C., Dahm, M., Tykocinski, M., et al. (1998). Benefits of pre-curved electrode arrays for the Nucleus multichannel cochlear implant [Abstract]. In Abstracts of XXIV International Congress of Audiology, Buenos Aires.
Access StatusOpen Access
The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether placement of an electrode closer to the modiolus would provide a more efficient interface with the auditory nerve. A pre-curved, banded 22-electrode array has been developed. Following comprehensive safety studies, the array was inserted in three adult patients. Detailed x-ray analyses have been conducted to specify the positions of the electrode bands. Psychophysical studies have been conducted, within each subject, using electrodes which lie at differing distances from the modiolus. These studies have shown that as the distance from the modiolus decreased, electrode threshold currents decreased and dynamic ranges increased. Thresholds were lower than in a comparison group of standard array users. Forward masking studies showed current spread to be more focused at the electrodes lying closer to the modiolus. Electrode discrimination was also better at electrodes closer to the modiolus. JND for loudness, expressed as a function of dynamic range also decreased in this condition. Thus, a preliminary profile of the parameters of interest, for an improved implant design, suggest that an array which lies closer to the modiolus can result in lower current requirements and a more localised pattern of neural excitation.
Keywordsotolaryngology; cochlear implants; safety studies
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- Graeme Clark Collection