Modelling the response of neurons to auditory stimuli: differences between acoustical and electrical stimulation
AuthorBurkitt, A. N.; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleBiomedical Research in the 3rd Millennium. Proceedings of the Inaugural Conference of the Victorian chapter of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Document TypeConference Paper
CitationsBurkitt, A. N., & Clark, G. M. (1999). Modelling the response of neurons to auditory stimuli: differences between acoustical and electrical stimulation. In Biomedical Research in the 3rd Millennium. Proceedings of the Inaugural Conference of the Victorian chapter of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Caulfield, Victoria.
Access StatusOpen Access
There are significant differences in the responses of auditory nerves when they are stimulated acoustically (normal hearing situation) or electrically (with a cochlear implant). This paper addresses the underlying causes of these differences by studying the interspike interval histogram, the synchronization index, and the entrainment (degree of response to successive cycles of the stimulus). The new integrated-input technique is used to analyze the response to periodic synaptic input of integrate-and-fire neurons, in which the randomly arriving synaptic inputs are summed and an action potential is generated when the postsynaptic potential reaches threshold. The synaptic inputs in the model are a sinusoidally modulated inhomogeneous Poisson process, and each input generates a postsynaptic response that subsequently decays according to the membrane decay constant. The results provide a quantitative understanding of both the decrease of the synchronization index with increasing frequency of acoustical stimulation in the auditory pathway and the previously observed enhancement of synchronization in globular bushy cells of the cochlear nucleus. The differences in the responses of neurons in higher stages of the auditory pathway for acoustical and electrical stimulation may be accounted for by the differences in the degree of entrainment that they induce.
Keywordsotolaryngology; Integrate-and-fire neurons; synchronization; periodic stimulation
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format" and choose "open with... Endnote".
- Click on "Export Reference in RIS Format". Login to Refworks, go to References => Import References
- Graeme Clark Collection