The relationship between the output synchrony of cochlear nucleus neurons and the site of stimulation in the cochlea
AuthorKuhlmann, L.; Burkitt, A. N.; Paolini, A. G.; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleProceedings of the Australian Neuroscience Society
Document TypeConference Item
CitationsKuhlmann, L., Bukritt, A. N., Paolini, A. G., & Clark, G. M. (2001). The relationship between the output synchrony of cochlear nucleus neurons and the site of stimulation in the cochlea. In Proceedings of the Australian Neuroscience Society, Brisbane, Qld.
Access StatusOpen Access
This is an abstract of a paper from Proceedings of the Australian Neuroscience Society 2001 published by Australian Neuroscience Society. This version is reproduced with the permission of publisher.
A model has been developed to determine the relationship between the output synchrony of cochlear nucleus neurons and the site of stimulation in the cochlea. This is an Integrate and Fire Neuron Model in which noisy periodic synaptic inputs to the neuron are summed and a spike is generated when the membrane potential reaches threshold. The model describes the stochastic input that auditory nerve fibres provide to a cochlear nucleus neuron and the corresponding stochastic output. To investigate the relationship between the output synchrony of cochlear nucleus neurons (namely globular bushy cells) and the site of stimulation in the cochlea, phase differences between the periodic inputs of the model were incorporated, in order to mimic how the travelling wave consecutively activates auditory nerve fibres originating over a spatial spread of the basilar membrane. Analysis of the model found that output synchrony decreased with an increase in frequency and spatial spread. Furthermore, enhancement of the output synchrony relative to the input synchrony occurred for small spatial spreads of the basilar membrane over which input primary afferent fibres originate. Adding noise helped to make the model more realistic. As a result enhancement of synchrony occurred with a spatial spread of less than 1.25 mm and 0.75 mm for 0.5 kHz and I kHz respectively, while for the higher frequencies analysed (2 kHz and 5 kHz) enhancement of synchrony did not occur. This research has implications for the design of electrode arrays in cochlear implants. The number and geometry of the electrodes and the stimulus patterns to be used will depend on the degree of convergence of fibres and how phase information is processed by neurons in the brainstem.
Keywordscochlear implant; neuron model; stochastic input; otolaryngology
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