Chronic monopolar high rate simulation of the auditory nerve: physiological and histopathological effects
AuthorTYKOCINSKI, MICHAEL; Linahan, Neil; Shepherd, R. K.; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleCochlear Implants: An Update
Document TypeConference Paper
CitationsTykocinski, M., Linahan, N., Shepherd, R. K., & Clark, G. M. (2001). Chronic monopolar high rate simulation of the auditory nerve: physiological and histopathological effects. In Cochlear Implants: An Update, Osaka, Japan.
Access StatusOpen Access
There is clinical interest in the development of high rate speech processing strategies, since there are indications that these might enhance speech perception due to an improved representation of the rapid variations in amplitude of speech. Significant improvement in speech perception using high rate stimulation has been demonstrated in cochlear implant recipients. However, it is important that the long-term safety of high rate stimulation is clearly established prior to its general clinical application. This is especially important, since acute animal studies have shown that high rate stimulation can induce a reduction in the excitability of the auditory nerve. This was also associated with an increase in both threshold and latency of the electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (EABR). However, while a chronic stimulation study indicated that monopolar electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve at rates of 1000 pulses per second (pps)/channel (three channels) had no adverse effects on the spiral ganglion cell density (SGCO),5 there is limited data concerning higher rates. In the present study, we evaluated the electrophysiological and histopathological effects of chronic monopolar electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve using considerably higher stimulus rates than have been used in previous studies.
Keywordscochlear implants; speech processing; otolaryngology; auditory nerve
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- Graeme Clark Collection