Factors affecting speech perception outcomes for older children using multichannel cochlear implants
AuthorDowell, Richard C.; Dettman, Shani J.; Hill, Katie; Winton, Elizabeth; Hollow, Rod; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleProgramme and Abstract Book
Document TypeConference Item
CitationsDowell, R. C., Dettman, S. J., Hill, K., Winton, E., Hollow, R., & Clark, G. M. (2002). Factors affecting speech perception outcomes for older children using multichannel cochlear implants. In Programme and Abstract Book, Canary Islands, Spain.
Access StatusOpen Access
6th European Symposium on Paediatric Cochlear Implantation
Experience with cochlear implantation in early-deafened teenagers or young adults has been somewhat disappointing, however, in recent years a proportion of older children have demonstrated excellent speech perception performance. There appears to be a wide gap between the good and poor performers within this group. It is important to investigate the possible factors influencing performance so that adolescents and their families are able to make informed decisions regarding cochlear implant surgery. This study considered a number of factors in a group of 25 children implanted in Melbourne between the ages of 8 and 18 years. Each subject completed open set speech perception testing using BKB sentences before and after implantation and pre-operative language testing using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test. Data were collected regarding the type of hearing loss, age at implant, age at hearing aid fitting, audiometric details, and the pre-and postoperative communication mode. Multivariate analysis suggested that three factors have a significant predictive value for post-implant speech perception: pre-operative open-set sentence score, duration of profound hearing loss and equivalent language age. These three factors accounted for 66% of the variance in this group. The results of this study suggest that children who have useful pre-implant speech perception, and higher age-equivalent scores on language measures, would be expected to do well with a cochlear implant. A shorter duration of profound hearing loss is also advantageous. Mean speech perception scores for the older group were not significantly different from younger children.
Keywordscochlear implants; speech perception; otolaryngology
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- Graeme Clark Collection