Implanted material tolerance studies for a multiple-channel cochlear prosthesis
AuthorHoughton, M. E.; Shepherd, R. K.; Webb, R. L.; Clark, Graeme M.; Pyman, B. C.; Hirshorn, M. S.; Murray, M. T.
Source TitleActa Otolaryngologica
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsShepherd, R. K., Webb, R. L., Clark, G. M., Pyman, B. C., Hirshorn, M. S., Murray, M. T., et al. (1984). Implanted material tolerance studies for a multiple-channel cochlear prosthesis. Acta Otolaryngologica, (suppl. 411), 71-81.
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We have performed a number of temporal bone and animal studies in order to evaluate the histopathological effects of intracochlear electrode implantation and chronic electrical stimulation. Our results indicate that (a) the insertion of a free-fit scala tympani array results in minimal damage to the membranous labyrinth; (b) the materials used in the electrode array evoke mild tissue reactions when implanted subcutaneously, in muscle, or within the scala tympani; (c) intracochlear electrical stimulation for periods of 500 to 2000 hours, using carefully controlled biphasic pulses, does not adversely affect the population or neural activity of the primary auditory neurones; (d) labyrinthine infection severely reduces the number of viable spiral ganglion cells; (e) an adequate fibrous tissue seal of the round window can prevent the spread of infection from the bulla to the implanted cochlea in cats, following inoculation of the bulla cavity with bacteria; (f) bone growth is not associated with electrical stimulation per se; (g) the electrode arrays show minimal platinum dissolution and no apparent degradation of the Silastic® carrier following periods of long-term intracochlear electrical stimulation.
Keywordsintracochlear electrode array; otolaryngology; basilar membrane; osseous spiral lamina
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