Responses of cat auditory nerve fibers to biphasic electrical current pulses
AuthorJavel, E.; Tong, Y. C.; Shepherd, R. K.; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleAnnals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsJavel, E., Tong, Y. C., Shepherd, R. K., & Clark, G. M. (1987). Responses of cat auditory nerve fibers to biphasic electrical current pulses. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, January-February, 96(1, part 2, suppl.128), 26-30.
Access StatusOpen Access
This is a publisher’s version of an article published in Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology published by Annals Publishing Company. This version is reproduced with permission from Annals Publishing Company. http://www.annals.com/
Discharge patterns of single auditory nerve fibers were recorded from normal-hearing cats implanted with a I2-band intracochlear electrode array. Stimuli were biphasic current pulses of specifiable width, amplitude, and rate. Acoustic tuning curves were obtained to determine the cochlear positions of the fibers. Response latencies to electrical stimuli formed two groups. Short latency (0.3 to 0.7 ms) responses were attributed to direct activation of spiral ganglion neurons. At high stirnulus intensities, these often exhibited abrupt shifts toward even shorter latencies. Long latency (> 1.5 ms) responses were probably caused by electrophonic activation of functional hair cells. Response thresholds to electrical stimuli depended on a fiber's proximity to the stimulating electrodes, and they did not depend on a fiber's acoustic response threshold or spontaneous discharge rate. High intensity (> 1.5 mA) stimuli could excite fibers over a wide range of characteristic frequencies, even for the narrowest (0.45 mm) electrode separations. Response threshold was an exponentially decreasing function of pulse width for widths up to 300µs/phase. Fiber discharges were highly phase-locked at all suprathreshold intensities, and saturation discharge rates usually equaled stimulus pulse rates for rates up to at least 800 pulses/s. Dynamic ranges were small (I to 6 dB), increased with pulse rate, and were uncorrelated with electrical response threshold. Within the dynamic range, shapes of poststimulus time and interspike interval histograms resembled those obtained in response to acoustic stimuli. Depolarization block caused fiber activity to cease in 2 to 5 seconds for sustained stimuli presented at high (> 600 pulses/s) pulse rates and intensities.
Keywordsotology; cochlear implant; auditory nerve fibers; electrical current pulses
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- Graeme Clark Collection