Dimensions of the scala tympani in the human and cat with reference to cochlear implants
AuthorHatsushika, Shin-ichi; Shepherd, Robert K.; Tong, Yit C.; Clark, Graeme M.; Funasaka, Sotaro
Source TitleAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHatsushika, S., Shepherd, R. K., Tong, Y. C., Clark, G. M., & Funasaka, S. (1990). Dimensions of the scala tympani in the human and cat with reference to cochlear implants. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, 99(11), 871-876.
Access StatusOpen Access
This is a publisher’s version of an article published in Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology published by Annals Publishing Company. This version is reproduced with permission from Annals Publishing Company. http://www.annals.com/
The width, height, and cross-sectional area of the scala tympani in both the human and cat were measured to provide dimensional information relevant to the design of scala tympani electrode arrays. Both the height and width of the human scala tympani decrease rapidly within the first 1.5 mm from the round window. Thereafter, they exhibit a gradual reduction in their dimension with increasing distance from the round window. The cross-sectional area of the human scala tympani reflects the changes observed in both the height and width. In contrast, the cat scala tympani exhibits a rapid decrease in its dimensions over the first 6 to B mm from the round window. However, beyond this point the cat scala tympani also exhibits a more gradual decrease in its dimensions. Finally, the width of the scala tympani, in both human and cat, is consistently greater than the height.
Keywordscochlear anatomy; cochlear implant; electrode array; scala tympani
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