Surgical and safety considerations of multi-channel cochlear implants in children
AuthorClark, Graeme M.; Cohen, Noel L.; Shepherd, Robert K.
Source TitleEar and Hearing
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsClark, G. M., Cohen, N. L., & Shepherd, R. K. (1991). Surgical and safety considerations of multi-channel cochlear implants in children. Ear and Hearing, 12(suppl.4), 15-24.
Access StatusOpen Access
This is a publisher’s version of an article published in Ear and Hearing 1991. This version is reproduced with permission of Lippincott Wilkins & Williams.
Multi-channel cochlear implants have become a viable surgical treatment for profoundly deaf individuals. With the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) June 1990 approval for the release of the 22-channel implant for children aged 2 to 17, more hearing impaired young people than ever before will be able to benefit from the auditory sensations provided by the device. The surgical procedure, the complications experienced, and safety issues are somewhat different for children than they are for adults. This report describes the modifications required in the surgical procedure and discusses the complications associated with cochlear implants in children. It then addresses issues related to the safety of the device, such as the prevention of middle ear infection. Finally, it summarizes new research conducted at the University of Melbourne and supported by the National Institutes of Health concerning skull growth, explantation/reimplantation, and sealing the electrode entry point into the cochlea.
Keywordsotolaryngology; multichannel cochlear implant; surgical considerations; safety considerations
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- Graeme Clark Collection