Hair cell mediated responses of the auditory nerve to sinusoidal electrical stimulation of the cochlea in the cat
AuthorMcAnnally, Ken I.; Clark, Graeme M.; Syka, Josef
Source TitleHearing Research
University of Melbourne Author/sClark, Graeme
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsMcAnnally, K. I., Clark, G. M., & Syka, J. (1993). Hair cell mediated responses of the auditory nerve to sinusoidal electrical stimulation of the cochlea in the cat. Hearing Research, 67, 55-68.
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Publisher’s permission requested and denied.
Electrical stimulation of the cochlea elicits discharges of auditory nerve fibres which are mediated by the electrical or mechanical stimulation of inner hair cells (electrophonic responses). In order to isolate hair-cell mediated responses from those elicited by electrical stimulation of the nerve, the compound action potential (CAP) evoked by an acoustic probe was forward-masked by sinusoidal monopolar, or localized bipolar electrical stimulation of the base of the cochlea. The degree of masking of a given probe estimated the synaptically mediated response to the masker of the population of auditory nerve fibres innervating the cochlear location tuned to the probe. There was a peak of masking for probes close to the frequency of the electrical stimulus, suggesting a spatial tuning of the hair cell mediated response along the cochlea. This is consistent with excitation of the inner hair cells by a propagating mechanical response which is generated within the electrical field at the base of the cochlea. Furthermore, tuning curves for masking of a given probe were sharply tuned to electrical stimulation close to the probe frequency. This masking was not dependent upon the presence of functional outer hair cells close to the electrodes, suggesting an alternate transduction of electrical to mechanical energy.
Keywordselectrophonic; electrical stimulation; hair cell; compound action potential; transduction
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- Graeme Clark Collection