Paediatric cochlear implantation: radiologic observations of skull growth
AuthorXU, JIN; Shepherd, Robert K.; Xu, Shi-Ang; Seldon, H. Lee; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleArchives of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsXu, J., Shepherd, R. K., Xu, S., Seldon, H. L., & Clark, G. M. (1993). Paediatric cochlear implantation: radiologic observations of skull growth. Archives of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, May, 119, 525-534.
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We investigated the effects of long-term implantation of auditory prostheses on skull growth in young animals. Four monkeys were implanted with dummy cochlear implants at 6 months of age. To simulate implantation in children, the bed for the receiver-stimulator or interconnecting plug was drilled across a calvarial suture down to the underlying dura. Plain skull oentgenograms were periodically taken to monitor head growth for up to 3 years after implantation. These longitudinal measurements revealed no significant asymmetric skull growth. Postmortem measurements using computed tomographic scans confirmed these results and showed no significant difference in the intracranial volumes between the implanted and control sides of each animal or between experimental and nonimplanted control monkeys. These results suggest that long-term cochlear implantation in very young children will not cause any significant deformity of the skull.
Keywordsotolaryngology; safety studies; paediatric otology; safety studies
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- Graeme Clark Collection