Evaluation of expandable leadwires for paediatric cochlear implants
AuthorXu, Shi-Ang.; Shepherd, Robert K.; Clark, Graeme M.; Tong, Yit C.; Williams, John F.
Source TitleAmerican Journal of Otology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsXu, S., Shepherd, R. K., Clark, G. M., Tong, Y. C., & Williams, J. F. (1993). Evaluation of expandable leadwires for paediatric cochlear implants. American Journal of Otology, 14(2), 151-160.
Access StatusOpen Access
This is a publisher’s version of an article published in American Journal of Otology 1993. This version is reproduced with permission of Lippincott Wilkins & Williams.
The development of cochlear implants for use in very young children (1-2 years old) will require techniques designed to accommodate temporal bone growth. Previous anatomic studies have shown that the leadwire of a cochlear implant must be capable of expanding up to 20 mm between the round window and the implanted receiver-stimulator in response to skull growth. In the present study morphologic and biomechanical evaluation of five expandable leadwire designs was conducted following their implantation in young cats. Two helical shaped leadwire designs frequently exhibited extensive fibrous tissue adhesions and broke during long-term implantation. In contrast, thin, flexible Silastic envelopes were effective in minimizing tissue adhesions. Residual V- and Z-shaped leadwires, placed in these envelopes, showed little evidence of fibrous tissue adhesions following implantation periods of up to 2 years. Moreover, these leadwires readily expanded both during the growth of the animal and when biomechanical expansion studies performed at the completion of the implant period. These expandable leadwire designs appear to be appropriate candidates for use in pediatric cochlear implants.
Keywordspaediatric otology; cochlear implant; safety studies
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