A physiological investigation of chronic electrical stimulation with scala tympani electrodes in kittens
AuthorNi, Daofeng; Shepherd, Robert K.; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleActa Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsNi, D., Shepherd, R. K., & Clark, G. M. (1992). A physiological investigation of chronic electrical stimulation with scala tympani electrodes in kittens. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae, 14(6), 402-407.
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A physiological investigation of cochlear electrical stimulation was undertaken in six two-month-old kittens. The scala tympani electrodes were implanted and electrically stimulated using biphasic balanced electrical pulses' for periods of 1000-1500h in four ears. Four ears received implants for same period but without electrical stimulation. The other two ears served as normal control. The results indicated: 1) Chronic electrical stimulation of the cochlea within electrochemically safe limits did not influence the hearing of kittens and the normal delivery of impulses evoked by acoustic and electrical signals on the auditory brainstem pathway. 2) The wave shapes of EABRs were similar to those of ABRs. The aptitudes of EABRs showed a significant increase following chronic electrical stimulation, resulting in a leftward shift in the input/ output function. The absolute latencies and interwave latencies of waves II-III , III -IV and II -IV were significantly shorter than those of ABRs. These results imply that there was no adverse effect of chronic electrical stimulation on the maturing auditory systems of kittens using these electrical parameters and the mechanism of electrical hearing should be further studied.
Keywordsotology; cochlear implant; electrical stimulation; auditory brainstem responses; ABR; electrically evoked auditory brainstem responses; EABR
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- Graeme Clark Collection