Cochlear implantation in children: labyrinthitis following pneumococcal otitis media in unimplanted and implanted cat cochleas
AuthorDahm, Markus C.; Clark, Graeme M.; Franz, Burkhard K-H.; Shepherd, Robert K.; Burton, Martin J.; ROBINS-BROWNE, ROY
Source TitleActa Otolaryngologica
University of Melbourne Author/sClark, Graeme; Shepherd, Robert; Franz, Burkhard; Robins-Browne, Roy
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsDahm, M. C., Clark, G. M., Franz, B. K., Shepherd, R. K., Burton, M. J., & Robins-Browne, R. (1994). Cochlear implantation in children: labyrinthitis following pneumococcal otitis media in unimplanted and implanted cat cochleas. Acta Otolaryngologica, 114, 620-625.
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Pneumococcal otitis media is frequent in young children and could lead to labyrinthitis post-implantation. To assess the risk and methods of minimizing it by a graft to the round window around the electrode entry point, we have used a cat animal model of pneumococcal otitis media. Twenty-one kittens were used in the study. Thirty-two cochleas were implanted when the kittens were 2 months of age. Fourteen cochleas were implanted without using a graft (12 were available for study); 9 had a fascial graft, and 9 a Gelfoam® graft (7 were available for study). The implanted kittens had their bullae inoculated with Streptococcus pneumoniae 2 months after implantation and were sacrificed 1 week later. There were also 9 unimplanted control ears which were inoculated when the animals were 4 months of age. Labyrinthitis occurred in 44% of unimplanted control, 50% of implanted ungrafted, and 6% of implanted grafted (fascia and Gelfoam®) cochleas. There was no statistically significant difference between the unimplanted control and the implanted cochleas (p < 0.05). There was, however, a difference between the implanted-ungrafted and implanted grafted cochleas, but not between the use of fascia and Gelfoam® to graft the round window entry point. As a result, the data indicates that cochlear implantation does not increase the risk of labyrinthitis following pneumococcal otitis media, but it is desirable to use fascia as a graft to the round window around the electrode entry point.
Keywordsdeafness; hearing prosthesis; Streptococcus pneumoniae; animal model; round window membrane
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