Comparison of quality of life between patients undergoing trans-oral endoscopic thyroid surgery and conventional open surgery
AuthorKasemsiri, P; Trakulkajornsak, S; Bamroong, P; Mahawerawat, K; Piromchai, P; Ratanaanekchai, T
Source TitleBMC Surgery
University of Melbourne Author/sPiromchai, Patorn
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsKasemsiri, P., Trakulkajornsak, S., Bamroong, P., Mahawerawat, K., Piromchai, P. & Ratanaanekchai, T. (2020). Comparison of quality of life between patients undergoing trans-oral endoscopic thyroid surgery and conventional open surgery. BMC SURGERY, 20 (1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12893-020-0685-3.
Access StatusOpen Access
BACKGROUND: Trans-oral endoscopic thyroidectomy allows obviating scar of the neck that expects to gain quality of life (QOL). However, the benefit of the QOL from this technique has not been adequately investigated, therefore, this study compared the QOL outcomes, including cosmetic outcomes, between thyroidectomy by trans-oral endoscopy and conventional open surgery. METHODS: A study was conducted from January 30, 2017 to November 10, 2018. Thirty-two and 38 patients underwent trans-oral endoscopic thyroid surgery and conventional open surgery, respectively. Their quality of life was evaluated at 2, 6, and 12 weeks postoperatively using a thyroid surgery-specific questionnaire and a 36-item short-form questionnaire. RESULTS: Trans-oral endoscopic group, patients were younger and presented with smaller thyroid nodules (p < 0.05). Regarding surgical outcomes, there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups. Mean operative time was significantly longer in the trans-oral endoscopic group (p < 0.05). The quality of life parameters in the trans-oral endoscopic group was significantly better than in the conventional surgery group (p < 0.05). These parameters included reduction of physical activity, psychosocial impairment, the role of physic, and emotion at 2 weeks after surgery; swallowing impairment, psychosocial impairment, the role of physic, social function and mental health 6 weeks after surgery; tingling and feeling of vitality at 12 weeks after surgery. Cosmetic outcomes and overall satisfaction were significantly better in the trans-oral endoscopic group than in the conventional surgery group at all of our follow up times (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The trans-oral endoscopic approach allows real scarless on the skin with better cosmetic and QOL outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was retrospectively registered at the ClinicalTrial.gov (NCT03048539), registered on 4 March 2017.
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