Loudness growth characteristics of cochlear implantees using the Spectral Maxima Sound Processor [Abstract]
AuthorMCDERMOTT, HUGH; MCKAY, COLETTE
Source TitleAustralian Journal of Audiology
Document TypeJournal Item
CitationsMcDermott, H., & McKay, C. (1994). Loudness growth characteristics of cochlear implantees using the Spectral Maxima Sound Processor [Abstract]. Australian Journal of Audiology, 15(suppl.2), 21.
Access StatusOpen Access
This is a publisher’s version of an article published in Australian Journal of Audiology 1994. This version is reproduced with permission from the publisher, Australian Academic Press. http://www.australianacademicpress.com.au/
The study of perceptual characteristics of subjects with cochlear implants can lead to improvements in the design of speech processors. One important aspect of speech processing which has received little attention in the past is the conversion acoustic signal amplitudes into appropriate levels of electrical stimulation. The optimum conversion would provide implantees with loudness growth characteristics that mimic those of normal hearing. To investigate how implantees using the Spectral Maxima Sound Processor (SMSP) perceive changes in loudness, an experiment involving production of fixed loudness ratios was conducted. Ten subjects participated: five users of the Mini System 22 cochlear implant, and five normally-hearing subjects. In the experiment, the subjects were required to adjust the loudness of two stimuli (white noise and speech-weighted noise) to equal half or twice that of a reference. The reference was presented at various levels over a range of 25 to 75 dBA. The results for three of the implantees were similar to those of all the normally-hearing subjects, who produced an average level change of 10.8 dB for the task. The remaining subjects, who had the largest electrical dynamic ranges, produced larger level changes (up to 20 dB) which were constrained by the limited electrical dynamic range of the processor (46 dB). The SMSP utilises an amplitude conversion function by which the stimulus level (in dB) is directly proportional to the input sound level (in dB). The experimental results suggest that the shape of this function is satisfactory, though not necessarily optimum, for these implantees.
Keywordsotolaryngology; cochlear implantees; Spectral Maxima Sound Processor; SMSP; speech processing; acoustic signal amplitudes; electrical stimulation
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