The spectral maxima sound processor: recent findings in speech perception and psychophysics
AuthorMcKay, Colette M.; McDermott, Hugh J.; Vandali, Andrew E.; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleAdvances in cochlear implants
Document TypeBook Chapter
CitationsMcKay, C. M., McDermott, H. J., Vandali, A. E., & Clark, G. M. (1994). The spectral maxima sound processor: recent findings in speech perception and psychophysics. In I. J. Hochmair-Desoyer & E. S. Hochmair (Ed.), Advances in cochlear implants (pp. 141-146). Manz: Wien.
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The Spectral Maxima Sound Processor (SMSP) was developed at the University of Melbourne for use with the Mini System 22 implant manufactured by Cochlear Pty Ltd. The SMSP has been shown in recent studies to provide improved speech perception to implantees when compared to the currently commercially available processor for this implant (the MSP (MULTIPEAK) processor). In the first of three experiments, the effect on speech perception of increasing the rate of stimulation of the SMSP and of increasing the number of electrodes activated in each stimulation cycle was studied. It was found that these parameter changes made little difference to speech perception in quiet but both changes were advantageous for some subjects when listening in noise. The second and third experiments investigated psychophysically the effects of two aspects of the SMSP strategy which differ from previous processors for this implant. In the second experiment, it was found that concurrent stimulation of two adjacent or nearby electrodes evoked a pitch which was intermediate to that of either electrode. This may explain, in part, the better discrimination of vowel formants by users of the SMSP. In the third experiment, it was found that a pitch related to the modulation frequency was evoked by amplitude-modulating a constant rate stimulus, provided that the rate of stimulation was sufficiently high (four times the modulation frequency) or a multiple of the modulation frequency. This result may explain the equal ability of SMSP and MSP users to perceive speaker differences and intonation patterns, even though the rate of stimulation is constant In the SMSP.
KeywordsSpectral Maxima Sound Processor; SMSP; speech perception; University of Melbourne; cochlear implant; vowel formants; pitch; modulation frequency
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- Graeme Clark Collection