Investigations on a curved intracochlear array
AuthorDonnelly, M. J.; Cohen, L. T.; Xu, J.; Xu, S-A.; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleAnnals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsDonnelly, M. J., Cohen, L. T., Xu, J., Xu, S-A., & Clark, G. M. (1995). Investigations on a curved intracochlear array. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, 104(suppl.166), 409-412.
Access StatusOpen Access
This is a publisher’s version of an article published in Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology published by Annals Publishing Company. This version is reproduced with permission from Annals Publishing Company. http://www.annals.com/
The electrode array of a multiple-channel cochlear implant lies against the outer wall of the scala tympani. From this position electrical current spreads to excite residual neural elements, particularly spiral ganglion cells within the modiolus. It is not clear whether the spread of current from the outer wall is optimal for multiple-channel speech processing, but placement closer to the target nerves could result in lower thresholds. This could have benefits through the use of shorter pulse durations and extended battery life. Computer modeling studies and animal experiments have suggested that for localized current the optimal electrode position is adjacent to the modiolus. At the University of Melbourne it was felt that an electrode with a curve matching the internal cochlear spiral would remain close to the modiolus after insertion. A curved electrode was developed and an inserting tool was designed and produced (Treaba et al, this suppl, this section). Preliminary studies suggested that the electrode array did indeed remain close to the modiolus. Before further development of this type of electrode design, it was necessary to determine whether modifications to the surgical technique for its insertion were required. It was also important to ensure that the curved electrode fabricated for clinical trial would lie closer to the modiolus than to the outer wall of the scala tympani. This study was undertaken to examine these issues.
Keywordsotology; intracochlear array; Human Communication Research Centre; University of Melbourne; Cooperative Research Centre for Cochlear Implant; Speech and Hearing Research; Melbourne; scala tympani; speech processing
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- Graeme Clark Collection