Urban Green Space Distribution Related to Land Values in Fast-Growing Megacities, Mumbai and Jakarta-Unexploited Opportunities to Increase Access to Greenery for the Poor
Web of Science
AuthorHwang, YH; Nasution, IK; Amonkar, D; Hahs, A
University of Melbourne Author/sHahs, Amy
AffiliationSchool of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHwang, Y. H., Nasution, I. K., Amonkar, D. & Hahs, A. (2020). Urban Green Space Distribution Related to Land Values in Fast-Growing Megacities, Mumbai and Jakarta-Unexploited Opportunities to Increase Access to Greenery for the Poor. SUSTAINABILITY, 12 (12), https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124982.
Access StatusOpen Access
<jats:p>Many studies on disparities in the distribution of urban green space (UGS) focus on the quantity and accessibility of designated open spaces. However, when all types of UGS, including unmanaged green areas, are accounted for, claims of green space distributive injustice become more complicated. We conducted a preliminary investigation questioning the common Global North assumption that the poor have less access to the benefits of green space, using the cities of Mumbai and Jakarta as case studies as, in their respective countries, wealth inequality has grown at a higher rate than in other Asian countries. We employed four sets of geospatial data to analyze green space distribution patterns and probe the relationship with UGS inequity in different land value districts. We found that the lower land value districts had more vegetation coverage with a higher vegetation density, mainly due to a large quantity of unmanaged greenery. The relationship between the status of urban development and the land values in a district is not necessarily reflective of the UGS distribution once unmanaged vegetation is considered. We conclude by discussing ways to optimize the use of unmanaged UGS as a socioecological asset for poorer districts, and we point to the practical consequences of incorporating the study’s findings into policy and planning towards the creation of ecologically inclusive cities.</jats:p>
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