Growth factors, auditory neurones and cochlear implants: a review
AuthorMarzella, Phillip L.; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleActa Otolaryngologica
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsMarzella, P. L., & Clark, G. M. (1999). Growth factors, auditory neurones and cochlear implants: a review. Acta Otolaryngologica, 119, 407-412.
Access StatusThis item is currently not available from this repository
Publisher’s permission requested and denied.
The total number and the integrity of the auditory neurones available for stimulation govern the benefits that patients can derive from cochlear implants. Although electrical stimulation of the cochlea has been reported to promote auditory neuronal survival, this trophic effect is insufficient to regenerate de novo fibres. Hence, any agent that can maximize the number of, or regenerate functional auditory neurones would be of great benefit. Several studies have identified various growth factors crucial to the normal development of auditory neurones. In addition, in vitro studies have demonstrated that several growth factors are important for the maintenance, rescue and repair of adult auditory neurones. In vivo studies confirm the in vitro findings, reporting that specific growth factors are able to support auditory neuronal survival following injury or trauma, and in lower species growth factors have been associated with regenerating auditory neurones. In addition to their trophic actions, several growth factors have also been reported to affect ion channels thus the electrical response of neuronal fibres. Indeed, growth factors have been reported to enhance neuronal excitation and to improve the efficacy of synaptic transmission. Taken in concert, these effects suggest that exogenous growth factors delivered to the cochlea may improve the transmission of the electrical stimuli from the implanted electrode to the auditory pathway. Further studies are warranted to investigate how the adjunct delivery of growth factors with the cochlear implant may constitute a better treatment for hearing-impaired individuals.
Keywordsotolaryngology; cochlea; deafness; electrical stimulation; neuritogenesis; neuronal survival; neurotrophic factors
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- Graeme Clark Collection