Psychophysics of a prototype peri-modiolar cochlear implant electrode array
AuthorCohen, LT; Saunders, E; Clark, GM
Source TitleHEARING RESEARCH
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsCohen, L. T., Saunders, E. & Clark, G. M. (2001). Psychophysics of a prototype peri-modiolar cochlear implant electrode array. HEARING RESEARCH, 155 (1-2), pp.63-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-5955(01)00248-9.
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Psychophysical measurements were performed in three hearing-impaired adult subjects implanted with a CI22 cochlear prosthesis (Cochlear Ltd.) fitted with a developmental peri-modiolar electrode array. The array was manufactured with a curvature approximating that of the inner wall of the scala tympani but, after straightening and insertion, lay on average about half way between the inner and outer walls of the scala. All subjects were tested with bipolar stimulation; two were also tested with monopolar, employing the most basal electrode as the return. Maximum comfortable level and threshold reduced with decreasing distance of electrode from the modiolus, whereas dynamic range increased. The linearity of the loudness growth function did not vary significantly with electrode position but the function was more non-linear for lower maximum comfortable levels. Current level discrimination, normalized with respect to dynamic range, improved with decreasing distance of electrode from the modiolus in two subjects. Pitch varied regularly with insertion depth of the stimulated electrode for bipolar stimulation in two subjects and also for monopolar stimulation in one subject. Electrode discrimination was enhanced by closeness to the modiolus. Whereas the forward masking patterns for bipolar stimulation of electrodes close to the modiolus had a sharp double-peaked structure, those for monopolar stimulation were flatter and had a single peak.
Keywordscochlear implant; peri-modiolar electrode array; spread of neural excitation; electrode discrimination; forward masking; loudness growth
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