Variation in speech perception scores among children with cochlear implants
AuthorSarant, JZ; Blamey, PJ; Dowell, RC; Clark, GM; Gibson, WPR
Source TitleEAR AND HEARING
PublisherLIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSarant, JZ; Blamey, PJ; Dowell, RC; Clark, GM; Gibson, WPR, Variation in speech perception scores among children with cochlear implants, EAR AND HEARING, 2001, 22 (1), pp. 18 - 28
Access StatusOpen Access
This is a publisher’s version of an article published in Ear and Hearing 2001. This version is reproduced with permission of Lippincott Wilkins & Williams.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify common factors affecting speech perception scores in children with cochlear implants. DESIGN: Speech perception data for 167 implanted children were collected at two cochlear implant centres in Melbourne and Sydney. The data comprised audition-alone scores on open-set word and sentence tests. Children were selected on the basis that they had a Nucleus 22-electrode cochlear implant. The average age of the children was 5 yr. Information was also collected about 12 factors that may have influenced speech perception scores for each child. Analysis of covariance was used to identify factors that significantly affected speech perception scores. Pearson pairwise correlation coefficients were also calculated for all factors analyzed. RESULTS: The analyses in this study identified factors that accounted for 51%, 34%, and 45% of the variance in phoneme, word and sentence perception scores. Scores decreased by 1.4 to 2.4% per year of profound deafness prior to implantation. Children who normally use oral communication scored significantly higher than children normally using sign or simultaneous oral and sign communication. Children implanted in Sydney scored higher on average than children implanted in Melbourne. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that a significant part of the variation in speech perception scores is systematically related to audiological and environmental factors for each child. The reasons for significant differences between children using different communication modes or from different clinics were not identified.
Keywordscochlear implant; speech perception; paediatric otology
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