Short-term auditory memory in children using cochlear implants and its relevance to receptive language
AuthorDawson, P. W.; Busby, P. A.; McKay, C. M.; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleJournal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsDawson, P. W., Busby, P. A., McKay, C. M., & Clark, G. M. (2002). Short-term auditory memory in children using cochlear implants and its relevance to receptive language. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 45,, 789-801.
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The aim of this study was to assess auditory sequential, short-term memory (SSTM) performance in young children using cochlear implants (CI group) and to examine the relationship of this performance to receptive language performance. Twenty-four children, 5 to 11 years old, using the Nucleus 22-electrode cochlear implant, were tested on a number of auditory and visual tasks of SSTM. The auditory memory tasks were designed to minimize the effect of auditory discrimination ability. Stimuli were chosen that children with cochlear implants could accurately identify with a reaction time similar to that of a control group of children with normal hearing (NH group). All children were also assessed on a receptive language test and on a nonverbal intelligence scale. As expected, children using cochlear implants demonstrated poorer auditory and visual SSTM skills than their hearing peers when the stimuli were verbal or were pictures that could be readily labelled. They did not differ from their peers with normal hearing on tasks where the stimuli were less likely to be verbally encoded. An important finding was that the CI group did not appear to have a sequential memory deficit specific to the auditory modality. The difference scores (auditory minus visual memory performance) for the CI group were not significantly different from those for the NH group. SSTM performance accounted for significant variance in the receptive language performance of the CI group. However, a forward stepwise regression analysis revealed that visual spatial memory (one of the subtests of the nonverbal IQ test) was the main predictor of variance in the language scores of the children using cochlear implants.
Keywordssequential; short-term memory; auditory temporal sequencing; receptive language; cochlear implants; nonverbal intelligence; children
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- Graeme Clark Collection