Cognitive processing in children using cochlear implants: the relationship between visual memory, attention, and executive functions and developing language skills
AuthorSurowiecki, Vanessa N.; SARANT, JULIA; MARUFF, PAUL; Blamey, Peter J.; Busby, Peter A.; Clark, Graeme M.
Source TitleAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
University of Melbourne Author/sClark, Graeme; SUROWIECKI, VANESSA; Sarant, Julia; Blamey, Peter; Busby, Peter; Maruff, Paul
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSurowiecki, V. N., Sarant, J., Maruff, P., Blamey, P. J., Busby, P. A., & Clark, G. M. (2002). Cognitive processing in children using cochlear implants: the relationship between visual memory, attention, and executive functions and developing language skills. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, 111(Suppl. 189), 119-126.
Access StatusOpen Access
This is a publisher’s version of an article published in Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology published by Annals Publishing Company. This version is reproduced with permission from Annals Publishing Company. http://www.annals.com/
We performed this study to determine whether children using a cochlear implant performed differently from age- and gender-matched hearing aid users on 8 neuropsychological measures of visual memory, attention, and executive functioning. The study also examined whether differences in cognitive skills could account for some of the observed variance in speech perception, vocabulary, and language abilities of hearing-impaired children. In contrast to previous studies, our results revealed no significant cognitive differences between children who use a cochlear implant and children who use hearing aids. Partial correlation analysis indicated that the children’s visual memory skills, i.e., their recognition memory, delayed recall, and paired associative learning memory skills, correlated significantly with their language skills. When examined at a significance level of .01, attention and executive functioning skills did not relate to the children’s developing speech perception, vocabulary, or language skills. The results suggested that differences in visual memory skills may account for some of the variance seen in the language abilities of children using implants and children using hearing aids.
Keywordsattention; child; cochlear implant; cognition; hearing aid; language; memory; speech perception; vocabulary
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