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dc.contributor.authorO'Donnell, ML
dc.contributor.authorHolmes, AC
dc.contributor.authorCreamer, MC
dc.contributor.authorEllen, S
dc.contributor.authorJudson, R
dc.contributor.authorMcFarlane, AC
dc.contributor.authorSilove, DM
dc.contributor.authorBryant, RA
dc.date.available2014-05-21T20:38:27Z
dc.date.available2008-11-30
dc.date.available2008-11-30
dc.date.available2008-11-30
dc.date.available2008-11-30
dc.date.available2008-11-30
dc.date.available2008-11-30
dc.date.available2008-11-30
dc.date.available2008-11-30
dc.date.available2008-11-30
dc.date.issued2009-04-06
dc.identifierpii: odo10883_fm
dc.identifier.citationO'Donnell, M. L., Holmes, A. C., Creamer, M. C., Ellen, S., Judson, R., McFarlane, A. C., Silove, D. M. & Bryant, R. A. (2009). The role of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in predicting disability after injury. MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA, 190 (7), pp.S71-S74. https://doi.org/10.5694/j.1326-5377.2009.tb02474.x.
dc.identifier.issn0025-729X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/27648
dc.descriptionC1 - Journal Articles Refereed
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between psychological response to injury at 1 week and 3 months, and disability at 12 months. DESIGN: Multisite, longitudinal study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 802 adult patients admitted to trauma services at four Australian hospitals from 13 March 2004 to 21 February 2006 were assessed before discharge and followed up at 3 and 12 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Disability, measured with the 12-item version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II. RESULTS: Logistic regression identified the degree to which high levels of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at 1 week and at 3 months predicted disability at 12 months. After controlling for demographic variables and characteristics of the injury, patients with PTSD or subsyndromal PTSD at 1 week were 2.4 times more likely, and those with depression at 1 week were 1.9 times more likely to have high disability levels at 12 months. PTSD at 3 months was associated with 3.7 times, and depression at 3 months with 3.4 times the risk of high disability at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: PTSD and depression at 1 week and at 3 months after injury significantly increased the risk of disability at 12 months. Routine assessment of symptoms of depression and PTSD in patients who have been physically injured may facilitate triage to evidence-based treatments, leading to improvement in both physical and psychological outcomes.
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherAUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD
dc.subjectMental Health; Mental Health
dc.titleThe role of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in predicting disability after injury
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.5694/j.1326-5377.2009.tb02474.x
melbourne.peerreviewPeer Reviewed
melbourne.affiliationThe University of Melbourne
melbourne.affiliation.departmentPsychiatry
melbourne.source.titleMEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA
melbourne.source.volume190
melbourne.source.issue7
melbourne.source.pagesS71-S74
dc.research.codefor111714
dc.research.codeseo2008920410
melbourne.publicationid131631
melbourne.elementsid314141
melbourne.contributor.authorO'Donnell, Meaghan
melbourne.contributor.authorHolmes, Alexander
melbourne.contributor.authorCreamer, Mark
melbourne.contributor.authorJudson, Rodney
dc.identifier.eissn1326-5377
pubs.acceptance.date2008-11-30
melbourne.accessrightsThis item is currently not available from this repository


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