A novel soluble complement receptor 1 fragment with enhanced therapeutic potential.
AuthorWymann, S; Dai, Y; Nair, AG; Cao, H; Powers, GA; Schnell, A; Martin-Roussety, G; Leong, D; Simmonds, J; Lieu, KG; ...
Source TitleJournal of Biological Chemistry
PublisherAmerican Society for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (ASBMB)
University of Melbourne Author/sHardy, Matthew Philip
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsWymann, S., Dai, Y., Nair, A. G., Cao, H., Powers, G. A., Schnell, A., Martin-Roussety, G., Leong, D., Simmonds, J., Lieu, K. G., de Souza, M. J., Mischnik, M., Taylor, S., Ow, S. Y., Spycher, M., Butcher, R. E., Pearse, M., Zuercher, A. W., Baz Morelli, A. ,... Hardy, M. P. (2021). A novel soluble complement receptor 1 fragment with enhanced therapeutic potential.. J Biol Chem, 296, pp.100200-. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA120.016127.
Access StatusOpen Access
Open Access at PMChttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7948397
Human complement receptor 1 (HuCR1) is a pivotal regulator of complement activity, acting on all three complement pathways as a membrane-bound receptor of C3b/C4b, C3/C5 convertase decay accelerator, and cofactor for factor I-mediated cleavage of C3b and C4b. In this study, we sought to identify a minimal soluble fragment of HuCR1, which retains the complement regulatory activity of the wildtype protein. To this end, we generated recombinant, soluble, and truncated versions of HuCR1 and compared their ability to inhibit complement activation in vitro using multiple assays. A soluble form of HuCR1, truncated at amino acid 1392 and designated CSL040, was found to be a more potent inhibitor than all other truncation variants tested. CSL040 retained its affinity to both C3b and C4b as well as its cleavage and decay acceleration activity and was found to be stable under a range of buffer conditions. Pharmacokinetic studies in mice demonstrated that the level of sialylation is a major determinant of CSL040 clearance in vivo. CSL040 also showed an improved pharmacokinetic profile compared with the full extracellular domain of HuCR1. The in vivo effects of CSL040 on acute complement-mediated kidney damage were tested in an attenuated passive antiglomerular basement membrane antibody-induced glomerulonephritis model. In this model, CSL040 at 20 and 60 mg/kg significantly attenuated kidney damage at 24 h, with significant reductions in cellular infiltrates and urine albumin, consistent with protection from kidney damage. CSL040 thus represents a potential therapeutic candidate for the treatment of complement-mediated disorders.
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