The TIM22 complex mediates the import of sideroflexins and is required for efficient mitochondrial one-carbon metabolism
AuthorJackson, TD; Hock, DH; Fujihara, KM; Palmer, CS; Frazier, AE; Low, YC; Kang, Y; Ang, C-S; Clemons, NJ; Thorburn, DR; ...
Source TitleMolecular Biology of the Cell
PublisherAMER SOC CELL BIOLOGY
University of Melbourne Author/sAng, Ching-Seng; Stojanovski, Diana; Clemons, Nicholas; Palmer, Catherine; Stroud, David; Fujihara, Kenji
AffiliationSir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsJackson, T. D., Hock, D. H., Fujihara, K. M., Palmer, C. S., Frazier, A. E., Low, Y. C., Kang, Y., Ang, C. -S., Clemons, N. J., Thorburn, D. R., Stroud, D. A. & Stojanovski, D. (2021). The TIM22 complex mediates the import of sideroflexins and is required for efficient mitochondrial one-carbon metabolism. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE CELL, 32 (6), pp.475-491. https://doi.org/10.1091/mbc.E20-06-0390.
Access StatusOpen Access
Acylglycerol kinase (AGK) is a mitochondrial lipid kinase that contributes to protein biogenesis as a subunit of the TIM22 complex at the inner mitochondrial membrane. Mutations in AGK cause Sengers syndrome, an autosomal recessive condition characterized by congenital cataracts, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, skeletal myopathy, and lactic acidosis. We mapped the proteomic changes in Sengers patient fibroblasts and AGKKO cell lines to understand the effects of AGK dysfunction on mitochondria. This uncovered down-regulation of a number of proteins at the inner mitochondrial membrane, including many SLC25 carrier family proteins, which are predicted substrates of the complex. We also observed down-regulation of SFXN proteins, which contain five transmembrane domains, and show that they represent a novel class of TIM22 complex substrate. Perturbed biogenesis of SFXN proteins in cells lacking AGK reduces the proliferative capabilities of these cells in the absence of exogenous serine, suggesting that dysregulation of one-carbon metabolism is a molecular feature in the biology of Sengers syndrome.
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