Architecture, Building and Planning - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-12 of 1086
Extruded Tessellation: Ceramic Tectonics
The tessellated wall explores the design space of a novel ceramic customization strategy developed by MaP+S researchers and students. The technique involves the automated cutting of clay extrusions that are industrially produced on a state of the art extrusion line. The ceramic elements have been extruded from a single die, thus reducing tooling costs. Wall A consists of 350 elements and 10 different types. Colors indicate identical cutoff angles. Within each color group several different element lengths exist. Wall B contains 28 different elements. The tessellated wall investigates the design space of this approach with a module design that features interlocking, ornamental patterns which allow for novel structural use of ceramic blocks in planar, folding and curved wall assemblies. The modules are produced with a complex extrusion die. Robotic manipulators equipped with wire-cutters can be integrated into the production system to trim off the end surfaces at custom angles and lengths as the wet clay is extruded. Alternatively, CNC disk cutters can perform automated cutting operations after the large ceramic extrusions have been fired. Both approaches allow for low-cost customization of the ceramic modules to achieve a unique three-dimensional expression, control views and light, as well as address different structural needs in the wall. The modules can be bonded with cement for permanent installations, or be dry stacked and clipped together for easy assembly and disassembly, such as in the case of CEVISAMA 2016. The two walls displayed at the 2016 Cevisama consist of approximate 700 elements with lengths ranging from 15 to 60 cm. Variations in length and cutoff angle lead to 38 unique elements for the installation. These pieces are used to create a unique surface texture on every wall surface, but maintain the overall consistency of a strongly ornamental expression of the tectonic system.
DRG completed a suspended ceramic installation at the 2014 Cevisama in Valencia, Spain as the centerpiece of this year’s international show. Sponsored by the Valencia Trade Fair Association and by ASCER, the ceramic shell represents the mock-up of a structural ceramic /concrete shell system that is currently under development in collaboration with the Chair for Structural Design at the TU Graz, Austria. The large ceramic stoneware elements are designed to enclose channels that form a perpendicular network of connecting ultra-high strength fiber concrete ribs. Ribs and tiles form a composite structural surface.
(The National Library of Australia, 2017)
The house is a conscious exercise in developing an alternative domestic environment to the surrounding villas of the new suburban neighbourhood. the solutions for the development so far have typically been compact villas located on abruptly levelled gardens, irrespective of the complex topographical condition of their sites. Our ambition for producing an alternative domestic atmosphere is developed by constructing a more explicit relationship between the house and garden with the existing conditions of the steep site.
Project: Surface Deep
(University of Melbourne, Melbourne School of Design (Publisher) / School of Architecture, Nanjing University & University of Melbourne (Venue), 2017)
Located in Quebec, Canada, hearkening to the historical presence of low profile walls in gardens, this modern expression pushes a typically mundane element into an interactive public addition. This project provides a temporary entry sequence for visitors to the grounds. The undulating form frames a procession for visitors and becomes a point for reflection before continuing onward.
Project: Lifestyled. Health and Places
(The Austalian Library of Australia; University of Melbourne; Nanjing University, 2017)
The research was aimed at developing design models and strategies for improving residential neighbourhoods by addressing current public health concerns and has a specific focus on China's superblock residential developments. Through the use of associative modelling, evaluation and design, the project integrated a range of important health considerations into neighbourhood block models that offered a wide sample of possible neighbourhood designs that could be analysed (offering findings on what design operations could influence health indicators) while also offering immediate design templates and knowledge for designers.
Equitable Land Use for Asian Infrastructure
(Asian Development Bank Institute, 2020-02-25)
This volume will be of interest to policymakers, practitioners, academics, and students. Obtaining rights over land can be complicated by hurdles imposed by geography, settlement patterns, conflicting cultures, sociopolitical factors, and land use problems unique to each country. Equitable Land Use for Asian Infrastructure identifies policies that can balance the rights and interests of first peoples, informal settlers, and rural landowners against the development imperatives of land procurement for the greater public good. The collected chapters propose and assess promising models that might be customized to local conditions, such as long-term land leasing with options to buy. This timely volume will be insightful for policy makers, practitioners, academics, and students interested in instructive case studies of the state of Asian land registration, eminent domain, and redevelopment in situations of vulnerable communities.
Soil natural capital in europe; a framework for state and change assessment
(NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2017-07-27)
Soils underpin our existence through food production and represent the largest terrestrial carbon store. Understanding soil state-and-change in response to climate and land use change is a major challenge. Our aim is to bridge the science-policy interface by developing a natural capital accounting structure for soil, for example, attempting a mass balance between soil erosion and production, which indicates that barren land, and woody crop areas are most vulnerable to potential soil loss. We test out our approach using earth observation, modelling and ground based sample data from the European Union's Land Use/Cover Area frame statistical Survey (LUCAS) soil monitoring program. Using land cover change data for 2000-2012 we are able to identify land covers susceptible to change, and the soil resources most at risk. Tree covered soils are associated with the highest carbon stocks, and are on the increase, while areas of arable crops are declining, but artificial surfaces are increasing. The framework developed offers a substantial step forward, demonstrating the development of biophysical soil accounts that can be used in wider socio-economic and policy assessment; initiating the development of an integrated soil monitoring approach called for by the United Nations Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils.
Sustainable urban systems: Co-design and framing for transformation
Rapid urbanisation generates risks and opportunities for sustainable development. Urban policy and decision makers are challenged by the complexity of cities as social-ecological-technical systems. Consequently there is an increasing need for collaborative knowledge development that supports a whole-of-system view, and transformational change at multiple scales. Such holistic urban approaches are rare in practice. A co-design process involving researchers, practitioners and other stakeholders, has progressed such an approach in the Australian context, aiming to also contribute to international knowledge development and sharing. This process has generated three outputs: (1) a shared framework to support more systematic knowledge development and use, (2) identification of barriers that create a gap between stated urban goals and actual practice, and (3) identification of strategic focal areas to address this gap. Developing integrated strategies at broader urban scales is seen as the most pressing need. The knowledge framework adopts a systems perspective that incorporates the many urban trade-offs and synergies revealed by a systems view. Broader implications are drawn for policy and decision makers, for researchers and for a shared forward agenda.
Incremental housing: harnessing informality at Villa Verde
(EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LTD, 2020-09-21)
<jats:sec><jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Purpose</jats:title><jats:p>This paper analyses the incremental housing process developed at Villa Verde, a housing project designed by the Chilean architecture firm Elemental, whose director Alejandro Aravena received the Pritzker Prize in 2016. This project is conceived within a social housing framework and designed as an affordable “half-house” to be incrementally extended by the owners.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Design/methodology/approach</jats:title><jats:p>This paper is based on research undertaken in August 2017 with data obtained through site surveys, trace analysis, interviews with 32 residents and photographic surveys. The researchers mapped the modifications made by all households at Villa Verde in the four years after occupation.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Findings</jats:title><jats:p>The strategy of designing a formal framework for informal additions has generally been successful with most houses undergoing substantial expansion to a high standard of construction. The paper raises concerns regarding the settlement's urban design, response to local climate and the quality of shared open space. We also find evidence of over-development as informal additions extend across front and rear yards that are in some cases fully enclosed.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Originality/value</jats:title><jats:p>This project is critiqued within the context of a long series of architectural attempts to harness the productive capacities of self-help housing. Villa Verde engages the freedom to build in a self-organised manner within a formal framework. But what will stop these additions from escalating into a “slum”?</jats:p></jats:sec>