Architecture, Building and Planning - Research Publications
Now showing items 1-12 of 933
The National Disability Insurance Scheme in an Urban Context: Opportunities and Challenges for Australian Cities
(Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2019-01-02)
The NDIS will directly affect the lives of close to half a million people with a disability as well as their formal and informal support providers. In doing so, the $22 billion per annum scheme will have significantly wider impacts on Australian cities. This review paper examines the urban policy and practice context for the NDIS and provides a research agenda for examining the challenges and opportunities the scheme brings. We examine a set of urban policy domains, including housing, employment, governance, mainstream services (particularly health and education) and multiculturalism. We argue that the current Australian urban condition is hardly ideal for the implementation of such an ambitious scheme. Yet, the NDIS will enhance the support available for greater participation of people with disabilities in their communities, and with appropriate adjustments to mainstream urban policy the scheme can make important positive contributions to the social, cultural and economic thriving of Australian cities.
Those who have studied the micro-morphology include Arefi (2011), Bhatt and Rybczynski (2003) and Ribeiro (1997). Informal settlements are mostly undocumented (Patel and Baptist 2012; Robinson 2002), yet documentation is critical for any kind of integration with the formal city.
Zaryadye park: A New Ecological Heart For Moscow
(Architecture Media Pty Ltd, 2020-02-03)
A new park in Moscow’s centre draws Russia’s diverse landscapes into the city and creates an open and democratic space for cultural gathering.
Using internet enabled mobile devices and social networking technologies to promote exercise as an intervention for young first episode psychosis patients
BACKGROUND: Young people with first episode psychosis are at an increased risk for a range of poor health outcomes. In contrast to the growing body of evidence that suggests that exercise therapy may benefit the physical and mental health of people diagnosed with schizophrenia, there are no studies to date that have sought to extend the use of exercise therapy among patients with first episode psychosis. The aim of the study is to test the feasibility and acceptability of an exercise program that will be delivered via internet enabled mobile devices and social networking technologies among young people with first episode psychosis. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is a qualitative pilot study being conducted at Orygen Youth Health Research Centre in Melbourne, Australia. Participants are young people aged 15-24 who are receiving clinical care at a specialist first episode psychosis treatment centre. Participants will also comprise young people from the general population. The exercise intervention is a 9-week running program, designed to gradually build a person's level of fitness to be able to run 5 kilometres (3 miles) towards the end of the program. The program will be delivered via an internet enabled mobile device. Participants will be asked to post messages about their running experiences on the social networking website, and will also be asked to attend three face-to-face interviews. DISCUSSION: This paper describes the development of a qualitative study to pilot a running program coupled with the use of internet enabled mobile devices among young people with first episode psychosis. If the program is found to be feasible and acceptable to patients, it is hoped that further rigorous evaluations will ultimately lead to the introduction of exercise therapy as part of an evidence-based, multidisciplinary approach in routine clinical care.
Public acceptance and perceptions of alternative water sources: a comparative study in nine locations
(Taylor & Francis, 2016-07-01)
Public acceptance of recycled water, desalinated water and rainwater is compared across nine international locations: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Mexico, Norway, United States of America (specifically in Los Angeles). An on-line study was conducted in 2012, with 200 participants recruited to be representative of their respective location (1800 in total). The study investigated participants’ intended use of and perceptions of alternative water sources. Results indicate that respondents clearly discriminate between alternative water sources. Water source preference varied between water use purpose. Significant differences were found in the percentage of respondents willing to use alternative water sources between locations. Additionally the study found that there were significant differences in perceptions held of five water sources across locations.
Sustainable Urban Water Management under a Changing Climate: The Role of Spatial Planning
The provision of a sustainable supply of water is an increasingly difficult task to achieve in many urban environments. This arises because of pressures related to population growth and increased per capita demand for water. Additionally, climate change is impacting the natural cycle of water in many locations, with a significant impact projected for the future. Many scholars advocate ‘sustainable urban water management’ (SUWM) as an approach that can address the root causes of these challenges. Yet the implementation of SUWM and adaptation to climate change in the urban water sector remains limited. This paper argues that spatial planning provides tools and processes that can facilitate the full implementation of SUWM goals, and adaptation to climate change. The potential of spatial planning to achieve SUWM, including sustainable urban water supply management through both supply and demand end initiatives, in light of climate change, is discussed. A framework is developed to consider a broad range of spatial planning interventions that can facilitate adaptation to climate change and SUWM concurrently. The paper provides information and tools to assist water planners achieve SUWM and a well-adapted water sector and urban environment, in an integrated, holistic and comprehensive manner, to meet future water supply needs. Achieving these goals will need collaborative activities across multiple built environment disciplines. Future research activities to advance these goals are outlined.
Barriers to climate change adaptation in the Australian construction industry - Impetus for regulatory reform
(PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 2018-06-01)
It is increasingly recognised that the risks associated with climate change must be addressed through both mitigation and adaptation. Buildings are vulnerable to climate change risk and are also the source of a significant proportion of greenhouse gas emissions which contribute to climate change. The construction industry has significant potential to facilitate adaptation through actions that both reduce its contribution to greenhouse gas emissions across the construction and building lifecycle, and through physical adaptation of buildings and settlements to withstand present and future changes. However, there is limited evidence of significant adaptive action to date, and little is known about existing barriers to adaptation actions in the construction industry. This research explores barriers to climate change adaptation in the Australian construction industry through qualitative interviews with twenty-one key stakeholders. The barriers identified included: the use of inconsistent and unclear language, limited regulation, perceived unaffordability of initiatives, lack of awareness of climate change, and lack of client demand to implement initiatives. Recommendations to facilitate strategies for adaptation to climate change in the construction industry are provided. These focus on the need to a) address climate change through regulatory reform, and b) address the structure of the construction industry and its interrelationship with other built environment professions and processes.
The "Paris-end" of Town?: Deriving Urban Typologies Using Three Imagery Types
Urban typologies allow areas to be categorised according to form and the social, demographic, and political uses of the areas. The use of these typologies and finding similarities and dissimilarities between cities enables better targeted interventions for improved health, transport, and environmental outcomes in urban areas. A better understanding of local contexts can also assist in applying lessons learned from other cities. Constructing urban typologies at a global scale through traditional methods, such as functional or network analysis, requires the collection of data across multiple political districts, which can be inconsistent and then require a level of subjective classification. To overcome these limitations, we use neural networks to analyse millions of images of urban form (consisting of street view, satellite imagery, and street maps) to find shared characteristics between the largest 1692 cities in the world. The comparison city of Paris is used as an exemplar and we perform a case study using two Australian cities, Melbourne and Sydney, to determine if a "Paris-end" of town exists or can be found in these cities using these three big data imagery sets. The results show specific advantages and disadvantages of each type of imagery in constructing urban typologies. Neural networks trained with map imagery will be highly influenced by the structural mix of roads, public transport, and green and blue space. Satellite imagery captures a combination of both urban form and decorative and natural details. The use of street view imagery emphasises the features of a human-scaled visual geography of streetscapes. However, for both satellite and street view imagery to be highly effective, a reduction in scale and more aggressive pre-processing might be required in order to reduce detail and create greater abstraction in the imagery.