The relative impact of country of origin and universal contingencies on internationalization strategies and corporate control in multinational enterprises: Worldwide and European perspectives
AuthorHarzing, AW; Sorge, A
Source TitleOrganization Studies
PublisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
University of Melbourne Author/sHARZING, ANNE-WIL
AffiliationManagement and Marketing
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsHarzing, A. W. & Sorge, A. (2003). The relative impact of country of origin and universal contingencies on internationalization strategies and corporate control in multinational enterprises: Worldwide and European perspectives. ORGANIZATION STUDIES, 24 (2), pp.187-214. https://doi.org/10.1177/0170840603024002343.
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C1 - Refereed Journal Article
<jats:p> We examine the importance of country-of-origin effects and of universal contingencies such as industrial recipes in organizational practices at the international level of multinational enterprises. This is based on a study comparing European (Finnish, French, German, Dutch, Swiss, Swedish, British), American and Japanese multinational enterprises. Although multinationals are highly internationalized by definition, our study shows their organizational control practices at the international level to be more than anything else explained by their country of origin. Universal contingencies such as size and industry, on the other hand, are more related to internationalization strategy. Internationalization strategy and organizational control are associated with different sets of variables; to this extent they appear more de-coupled with regard to each other than the literature suggests. Multinationals appear to follow tracks of coordination and control in which they have become embedded in their country of origin. Nationally specific institutions and culture have to be interpreted as particularistic but universally practicable facilitators of internationally competing organizational practices. </jats:p>
KeywordsBusiness and Management
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