Digital Health Interventions in Physiotherapy: Development of Client and Health Care Provider Survey Instruments
AuthorMerolli, M; Hinman, RS; Lawford, BJ; Choo, D; Gray, K
Source TitleJMIR Research Protocols
PublisherJMIR PUBLICATIONS, INC
University of Melbourne Author/sChoo, Dawn; Gray, Kathleen; Hinman, Rana; Merolli, Mark; Lawford, Belinda
AffiliationAudiology and Speech Pathology
Melbourne School of Health Sciences
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsMerolli, M., Hinman, R. S., Lawford, B. J., Choo, D. & Gray, K. (2021). Digital Health Interventions in Physiotherapy: Development of Client and Health Care Provider Survey Instruments. JMIR RESEARCH PROTOCOLS, 10 (7), https://doi.org/10.2196/25177.
Access StatusAccess this item via the Open Access location
Open Access URLPublished version
NHMRC Grant codeNHMRC/1154217
BACKGROUND: The advancement of digital health has widened the scope of technology use across multiple frontiers of health care services, including personalized therapeutics, mobile health, eHealth record management, and telehealth consultations. The World Health Organization (WHO) responded to this in 2018 by publishing an inaugural broad classification framework of digital health interventions (DHIs) used to address contemporary health system needs. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the systematic development of dual survey instruments (clinician and patient) to support data collection, administered in a physiotherapy setting, about perceptions toward DHIs. This is achieved by adapting the WHO framework classification for DHIs for application in real-world research. METHODS: Using a qualitative item review approach, WHO DHI descriptors were adapted and refined systematically to be used in a survey form. This approach was designed to align with the processes of delivering and receiving care in clinical practice, using musculoskeletal physiotherapy as a practical case scenario. RESULTS: Complementary survey instruments (for health care providers and clients) were developed by adapting descriptor items. These instruments will be used in a larger study exploring the willingness of physiotherapists and patients to use digital technologies in the management of musculoskeletal conditions. CONCLUSIONS: This study builds on the WHO-standardized DHI framework. We developed dual novel survey instruments by adapting and refining the functions of DHIs. These may be deployed to explore the perceived usefulness and application of DHIs for different clinical care functions. Researchers may wish to use these survey instruments to examine digital health use systematically in a variety of clinical fields or technology scenarios in a way that is standardized and generalizable.
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