Veterinary Science - Research Publications
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ItemMolecular characterization of species of Cloacina (Strongyloidea: Cloacininae) from the common wallaroo, Macropus robustus (Marsupialia: Macropodidae) in AustraliaShuttleworth, MA ; Beveridge, I ; Koehler, AV ; Gasser, RB ; Jabbar, A (ELSEVIER, 2016-10-01)This study examined genetic variation within and among species of Cloacina found in the common wallaroo (Macropus robustus) collected at different localities from mainland Australia, and evaluated geographical distance as a potential driver for genetic variation. The first and second internal transcribed spacers (ITS-1 and ITS-2=ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA were used to characterize individuals of 17 morphospecies of Cloacina that parasitize Macropus robustus and its sub-species. Results revealed intraspecific variation in ITS within some morphospecies of Cloacina. Phylogenetic analyses showed little correlation between host speciation patterns and geographical location for the majority of the nematode species, although it did suggest geographical distance was a driver for speciation within Cloacina communis, C. phaethon and C. parva. Our results suggest that nucleotide variation within Cloacina species is complex, and is likely to be propagated by factors such as geographical distance and host sub-species. Further studies determining factors involved in speciation, such as host-parasite relationships, are needed to improve our understanding of the diversity of populations of species of Cloacina.
ItemGenomic analysis reveals a duplication of eight rather than seven SCRs in Primate CR1 and CR1L: Evidence for an additional set shared between CR1 and CR2.McLure, A ; Williamson, F ; Stewart, J ; Keating, J ; Dawkins, L ( 2004)
ItemAmino acid patterns within short consensus repeats define conserved duplicons shared by genes of the RCA complex.McLure, CA ; Dawkins, RL ; Williamson, JF ; Davies, RA ; Berry, J ; Natalie, L-J ; Laird, R ; Gaudieri, S (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2004-08)Complement control proteins (CCPs) contain repeated protein domains, short consensus repeats (SCRs), which must be relevant to diverse functions such as complement activation, coagulation, viral binding, fetal implantation, and self-nonself recognition. Although SCRs share some discontinuous and imperfect motifs, there are many variable positions and indels making classification in subfamilies extremely difficult. Using domain-by-domain phylogenetic analysis, we have found that most domains can be classified into only 11 subfamilies, designated a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, or k and identified by critical residues. Each particular CCP is characterized by the order of representatives of the subfamilies. Human complement receptor 1 (CR1) has ajefbkd repeated four times and followed by ch. The classification crosses CCPs and indicates that a particular CCP is a function of the mix of SCRs. The aje set is a feature of several CCPs including human CR1 and DAF and murine Crry and appears to be associated with the success or failure of implantation inter alia. This approach facilitates genomic analysis of available sequences and suggests a framework for the evolution of CCPs. Units of duplication range from single SCRs, to septamers such as efbkdaj, to extensive segments such as MCP-CR1L. Imperfections of duplication with subsequent deletion have contributed to diversification.
ItemMycoplasma hyopneumoniae p65 surface lipoprotein is a lipolytic enzyme with a preference for shorter-chain fatty acidsSCHMIDT, JONATHAN ANTONY ; BROWNING, GLENN FRANCIS ; MARKHAM, PHILIP FRANCIS ( 2004)
ItemCell death and thymic export during fetal lifeHOLDER, JOANNE ; WASHINGTON, ELIZABETH ; CUNNINGHAM, CRAIG ; CAHILL, ROSS ; KIMPTON, WAYNE ( 2006)