Magnetic resonance imaging for common peroneal nerve injury in trauma patients: Are routine knee sequences adequate for prediction of outcome?
AuthorThi, MAT; Lim, BG; Sheehy, R; Robertson, PL
Source TitleJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
AffiliationMedicine and Radiology
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsThi, M. A. T., Lim, B. G., Sheehy, R. & Robertson, P. L. (2019). Magnetic resonance imaging for common peroneal nerve injury in trauma patients: Are routine knee sequences adequate for prediction of outcome?. JOURNAL OF MEDICAL IMAGING AND RADIATION ONCOLOGY, 63 (1), pp.54-60. https://doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.12840.
Access StatusOpen Access
INTRODUCTION: Common peroneal nerve (CPN) injury occurs in 10-40% of patients following knee dislocation. Is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using routine knee protocols able to adequately evaluate CPN injury and predict long-term outcome? METHODS: Trauma patients presenting for knee MRI at a single public hospital, between July 2007 and May 2017, were retrospectively identified using radiology and orthopaedic databases. Medical records were retrieved for clinical scores. MRI images were scored by two independent radiologists blinded to the clinical CPN status and scores correlated with initial clinical scores using the Pearson correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Final cohort included 107 patients (81 males and 26 females) with a mean age of 39 (range 19-81 years). MRI was considered to be adequate for coverage of the CPN in 84 patients. Fourteen patients had CPN injury clinically (seven complete and seven partial). Concordance between MRI scores and initial clinical scores was 0.456 (P = 0.01). MRI sensitivity and specificity for CPN injury on the 84 adequate scans were 54.5% and 93.2% respectively. All seven cases of partial CPN injury and three of seven cases of complete CPN injury recovered fully. High MRI scores of 5 and 8 were given for the two patients with a persisting complete CPN palsy. Highest scores for partial CPN injury subjects were 2 and 4. CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance imaging using a routine knee protocol is not adequate for the assessment of CPN injury in many subjects. More specific MRI neural sequences with complete CPN coverage may be worth trialing.
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