Peace and development: Towards a new synthesis
Source TitleJournal of Peace Research: an interdisciplinary and international quarterly of scholarly work in peace research
PublisherSAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
University of Melbourne Author/sBarnett, Jonathon
AffiliationResource Management and Geography
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsBarnett, J. (2008). Peace and development: Towards a new synthesis. JOURNAL OF PEACE RESEARCH, 45 (1), pp.75-89. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022343307084924.
Access StatusThis item is currently not available from this repository
C1 - Refereed Journal Article
<jats:p> This article develops a theory of peace as freedom that explains some important relationships between peace and development. It does this by critically examining and then synthesizing Johan Galtung's theory of peace as the absence of violence and Amartya Sen's theory of development as freedom. Galtung's theory of peace is clear on the meaning and causes of direct violence, but vague on the details of structural violence. Sen's theory helps overcome many of the problems associated with structural violence, although its focus on agents and the state tends to downplay the importance of larger-scale political and economic processes. In the theory of peace as freedom, peace is defined as, and in praxis is enlarged through, the equitable distribution of economic opportunities, political freedoms, social opportunities, transparency guarantees, protective security and freedom from direct violence. The institutions required for peace as freedom are considered, and it is suggested that the pluralist state is the best model for providing and maintaining peace as freedom. Some implications of this theory for existing and future analyses of the causes of violent conflict are discussed. </jats:p>
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