A multiple-channel cochlear implant: an evaluation using an open-set word test
AuthorClark, Graeme M.; Tong, Y. C.; Martin, L. F.; Busby, P. A.
Source TitleActa Otolaryngologica
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsClark, G. M., Tong, Y. C., Martin, L. F., & Busby, P. A. (1981). A multiple-channel cochlear implant. An evaluation using an open-set word test. Acta Otolaryngologica, 91, 173-175.
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Multiple-channel electrical stimulation of the hearing nerve in conjunction with speech reading has helped two post-lingually deaf patients with total hearing losses understand running speech in every day situations. This has been confirmed using open-set phonetically balanced word tests, where the patients achieved 60% and 40% scores with isolated-words and 80% and 73% for phonemes-in-isolated words. The tests also showed that the cochlear implant improved word recognition by a factor of four in one patient and two in another compared with speechreading alone. The speech processor used extracted the voicing frequency and energy and the frequency and energy of the dominant spectral peak in the mid-frequency range. The parameters for voicing determined the rate of stimulation for all electrodes, and the parameters for the dominant spectral peak in the midfrequency range determined the site of electrode stimulation and current level.
Keywordsotolaryngology; post-lingually deaf patients; multiple-channel cochlear implant; speech processor
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- Graeme Clark Collection