CariesCare International adapted for the pandemic in children: Caries OUT multicentre single-group interventional study protocol
AuthorMartignon, S; Cortes, A; Douglas, GVA; Newton, JT; Pitts, NB; Avila, V; Usuga-Vacca, M; Gamboa, LF; Deery, C; Abreu-Placeres, N; ...
Source TitleBMC Oral Health
University of Melbourne Author/sManton, David
AffiliationMelbourne Dental School
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsMartignon, S., Cortes, A., Douglas, G. V. A., Newton, J. T., Pitts, N. B., Avila, V., Usuga-Vacca, M., Gamboa, L. F., Deery, C., Abreu-Placeres, N., Bonifacio, C., Braga, M. M., Carletto-Korber, F., Castro, P., Cerezo, M. P., Chavarria, N., Cifuentes, O. L., Echeverri, B., Jacome-Lievano, S. ,... Beltran, E. O. (2021). CariesCare International adapted for the pandemic in children: Caries OUT multicentre single-group interventional study protocol. BMC ORAL HEALTH, 21 (1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-021-01674-1.
Access StatusOpen Access
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive caries care has shown effectiveness in controlling caries progression and improving health outcomes by controlling caries risk, preventing initial-caries lesions progression, and patient satisfaction. To date, the caries-progression control effectiveness of the patient-centred risk-based CariesCare International (CCI) system, derived from ICCMS™ for the practice (2019), remains unproven. With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic a previously planned multi-centre RCT shifted to this "Caries OUT" study, aiming to assess in a single-intervention group in children, the caries-control effectiveness of CCI adapted for the pandemic with non-aerosols generating procedures (non-AGP) and reducing in-office time. METHODS: In this 1-year multi-centre single-group interventional trial the adapted-CCI effectiveness will be assessed in one single group in terms of tooth-surface level caries progression control, and secondarily, individual-level caries progression control, children's oral-health behaviour change, parents' and dentists' process acceptability, and costs exploration. A sample size of 258 3-5 and 6-8 years old patients was calculated after removing half from the previous RCT, allowing for a 25% dropout, including generally health children (27 per centre). The single-group intervention will be the adapted-CCI 4D-cycle caries care, with non-AGP and reduced in-office appointments' time. A trained examiner per centre will conduct examinations at baseline, at 5-5.5 months (3 months after basic management), 8.5 and 12 months, assessing the child's CCI caries risk and oral-health behaviour, visually staging and assessing caries-lesions severity and activity without air-drying (ICDAS-merged Epi); fillings/sealants; missing/dental-sepsis teeth, and tooth symptoms, synthetizing together with parent and external-trained dental practitioner (DP) the patient- and tooth-surface level diagnoses and personalised care plan. DP will deliver the adapted-CCI caries care. Parents' and dentists' process acceptability will be assessed via Treatment-Evaluation-Inventory questionnaires, and costs in terms of number of appointments and activities. Twenty-one centres in 13 countries will participate. DISCUSSION: The results of Caries OUT adapted for the pandemic will provide clinical data that could help support shifting the caries care in children towards individualised oral-health behaviour improvement and tooth-preserving care, improving health outcomes, and explore if the caries progression can be controlled during the pandemic by conducting non-AGP and reducing in-office time. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Retrospectively-registered-ClinicalTrials.gov-NCT04666597-07/12/2020: https://register.clinicaltrials.gov/prs/app/action/SelectProtocol?sid=S000AGM4&selectaction=Edit&uid=U00019IE&ts=2&cx=uwje3h . Protocol-version 2: 27/01/2021.
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