E-infrastructures fostering multi-centre collaborative research into the intensive care management of patients with brain injury
AuthorSinnott, Richard O.; Piper, Ian
Source TitleHandbook of Research on Computational Grid Technologies for Life Sciences, Biomedicine and Healthcare (Volume 2)
PublisherInformation Science Reference (an imprint of IGI Global)
University of Melbourne Author/sSinnott, Richard
Document TypeBook Chapter
CitationsSinnott, R. O., & Piper, I. (2009). E-infrastructures fostering multi-centre collaborative research into the intensive care management of patients with brain injury. In M. Cannataro (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Computational Grid Technologies for Life Sciences, Biomedicine and Healthcare (Volume 2) (pp. 494-512). Hershey, New York: Information Science Reference (an imprint of IGI Global).
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This chapter appears in "Handbook of Research on Computational Grid Technologies for Life Sciences, Biomedicines and Healthcare, Vol. 2" edited by Mario Cannataro. © 2009 IGI Global www.igi-global.com. Posted by permission of the publisher.
Clinical research is becoming ever more collaborative with multi-centre trials now a common practice. With this in mind, never has it been more important to have secure access to data and, in so doing, tackle the challenges of inter-organisational data access and usage. This is especially the case for research conducted within the brain injury domain due to the complicated multi-trauma nature of the disease with its associated complex collation of time-series data of varying resolution and quality. It is now widely accepted that advances in treatment within this group of patients will only be delivered if the technical infrastructures underpinning the collection and validation of multi-centre research data for clinical trials is improved. In recognition of this need, IT-based multi-centre e-Infrastructures such as the Brain Monitoring with Information Technology group (BrainIT - www.brainit.org) and Cooperative Study on Brain Injury Depolarisations (COSBID - www.cosbid.de) have been formed. A serious impediment to the effective implementation of these networks is access to the know-how and experience needed to install, deploy and manage security-oriented middleware systems that provide secure access to distributed hospital based datasets and especially the linkage of these data sets across sites. The recently funded EU framework VII ICT project Advanced Arterial Hypotension Adverse Event prediction through a Novel Bayesian Neural Network (AVERT-IT) is focused upon tackling these challenges. This chapter describes the problems inherent to data collection within the brain injury medical domain, the current IT-based solutions designed to address these problems and how they perform in practice. The authors outline how the authors have collaborated towards developing Grid solutions to address the major technical issues. Towards this end we describe a prototype solution which ultimately formed the basis for the AVERT-IT project. They describe the design of the underlying Grid infrastructure for AVERT-IT and how it will be used to produce novel approaches to data collection, data validation and clinical trial design.
Keywordse-infrastructures; collaborative research; intensive care management; patients; brain injury; grid technology; biomedicine; healthcare; medical data; data collection
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