"En territoire belge et à quarante centimètres de la frontière": an historical and documentary study of the Belgian and Dutch enclaves of Baarle-Hertog and Baarle-Nassau
AuthorWhyte, Brendan R.
PublisherThe School of Anthropology, Geography and Environmental Studies, The University of Melbourne
AffiliationArts, School of Anthropology, Geography and Environmental Studies
Document TypeWorking Paper
CitationsWhyte, B. R. (2004). "En territoire belge et à quarante centimètres de la frontière": an historical and documentary study of the Belgian and Dutch enclaves of Baarle-Hertog and Baarle-Nassau. Melbourne, Australia: The School of Anthropology, Geography, Environmental Studies, The University of Melbourne.
Access StatusOpen Access
Deposited with permission of the author. © 2004 Dr. Brendan R. Whyte
Enclaves are defined as a fragment of one country totally surrounded by one other country. Currently, 259 enclaves exist in the world, all in Europe and Asia. Thirty of these enclaves, twenty-two Belgian and eight Dutch, cluster in and around a single village in the southern Netherlands, which is thus divided into the Belgian commune of Baarle-Hertog and the Dutch commune of Baarle-Nassau. The 800-year long history of these enclaves is presented for the first time in English, detailing their origin c.1198, and explaining their survival despite numerous European wars and boundary changes. A description of the situation in the enclaves today is also given, together with the effect of the enclaves on everyday life and administration in the village. A large number of maps and photographs illustrate the paper, including a series of maps depicting every one of the 959 turning points of the boundaries of the 30 enclaves, showing all buildings and properties bisected by this most unusual boundary.
Keywordsenclaves; Belgium; history; boundaries of the Belgium enclaves; Netherlands
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