Expanding the moral circle: inclusion and exclusion mindsets and the circle of moral regard
AuthorLaham, Simon M.
Source TitleJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
University of Melbourne Author/sLaham, Simon
AffiliationMedicine, Dentistry & Health Sciences - Behavioural Science
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsLaham, S. M. (2009). Expanding the moral circle: inclusion and exclusion mindsets and the circle of moral regard. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 250-253.
Access StatusThis item is currently not available from this repository
© 2009 Elsevier Inc. Publisher’s version is restricted access in accordance with the publisher’s policy.
The human tendency to draw boundaries is pervasive. The ‘moral circle’ is the boundary drawn around those entities in the world deemed worthy of moral consideration. Three studies demonstrate that the size of the moral circle is influenced by a decision framing effect: the inclusion–exclusion discrepancy. Participants who decided which entities to exclude from the circle (exclusion mindset) generated larger moral circles than those who decided which to include (inclusion mindset). Further, people in an exclusion mindset showed ‘‘spill-over” effects into subsequent moral judgments, rating various outgroups as more worthy of moral treatment. The size of the moral circle mediated the effects of mindset on subsequent moral judgment. These studies offer an important first demonstration that decision framing effects have substantial consequences for the moral circle and related moral judgments.
Keywordsmoral circle; inclusion-exclusion discrepancy; mindsets
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