Can heat-killed Gordonia bronchialis enhance growth and immunity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)?
AuthorSheikhzadeh, N; Tahapour, K; Nofouzi, K; Tukmechi, A; Shabanzadeh, S; Oushani, AK; Stanford, J; McIntyre, G; Mardani, K
Source TitleAquaculture Nutrition
University of Melbourne Author/sMardani, Karim
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsSheikhzadeh, N., Tahapour, K., Nofouzi, K., Tukmechi, A., Shabanzadeh, S., Oushani, A. K., Stanford, J., McIntyre, G. & Mardani, K. (2017). Can heat-killed Gordonia bronchialis enhance growth and immunity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)?. AQUACULTURE NUTRITION, 23 (4), pp.788-795. https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12445.
Access StatusOpen Access
In this study, the efficacy of heatâ killed Gordonia bronchialis on growth performance, immune system and gastrointestinal structure in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) was evaluated. Fish (mean weight 30Â g) were fed basal diet (control), or treatment diets containing 2.48Â Ã Â 10â ¸ (low dose) or 1.24Â Ã Â 10â ¹ (high dose) cellsÂ kgâ »Â¹ feed of heatâ killed G.Â bronchialis on a pulse basis (5Â days on treatment diet; 10Â days on basal diet) for 95Â days. On days 95 and 105, some of the fish were sampled for analysis of mentioned parameters. On days 110 and 120, the remaining fish were injected intraperitoneally with a 20Â mLÂ Lâ »Â¹ suspension of chicken red blood cells. Results showed that growth performance was significantly enhanced in both treatment groups compared with the control group. Serum complement and lysozyme activities and hemagglutination antibody titre were higher in both treatment groups compared with the control group. The length of the intestinal and pyloric caeca folds was increased in the highâ dose group. Meanwhile, the number of goblet cells was increased in both treatment groups. This study suggests that heatâ killed G.Â bronchialis has the potential to enhance growth, immunological parameters and the gastrointestinal structure in rainbow trout.
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