Accuracy of Different Implant Impression Techniques: Evaluation of New Tray Design Concept
AuthorLiu, DY; Cader, FN; Abduo, J; Palamara, J
Source TitleJournal of Prosthodontics: implant, esthetic, and reconstructive dentistry
AffiliationMelbourne Dental School
Document TypeJournal Article
CitationsLiu, D. Y., Cader, F. N., Abduo, J. & Palamara, J. (2019). Accuracy of Different Implant Impression Techniques: Evaluation of New Tray Design Concept. JOURNAL OF PROSTHODONTICS-IMPLANT ESTHETIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE DENTISTRY, 28 (2), pp.E682-E687. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopr.12733.
Access StatusOpen Access
PURPOSE: To evaluate implant impression accuracy with a new tray design concept in comparison to nonsplinted and splinted impression techniques for a 2-implant situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A reference bar titanium framework was fabricated to fit on 2 parallel implants. The framework was used to generate a resin master model with 2 implants that fit precisely against the framework. Three impression techniques were evaluated: (1) nonsplinted, (2) splinted, and (3) nonsplinted with modified tray impressions. All the trays were fabricated from light-cured acrylic resin material with openings that corresponded to the implant impression copings. Ten impressions were taken for each technique using poly(vinyl siloxane) impression material. The impressions were poured with type IV dental stone to generate the test casts. A rosette strain gauge was bonded to the middle of the framework. As the framework retaining screws were tightened on each test cast, the developed strains were recorded until the completion of the tightening to 35 Ncm. The generated strains of the rosette strain gauge were used to calculate the maximum principal strain. RESULTS: A statistically significant difference was observed among the different impression techniques. The modified tray design impression technique was associated with the least framework strains, which indicates greater accuracy compared with the other techniques. There was no significant difference between the splinted and the nonsplinted impression techniques. CONCLUSIONS: The new tray design concept appeared to produce more accurate implant impressions than the other techniques. Despite the statistical difference among the impression techniques, the clinical significance of this difference is yet to be determined.
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